Cameroon

Topics: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria Pages: 6 (849 words) Published: July 31, 2015
Casey Kelly
Professor Julia Allen
Intro to Sociology
12 July 2015
Cameroon
Cameroon, on the Gulf of Guinea, is a Central African country of varied terrain and wildlife. Its inland capital, Yaoundé, and its biggest city, the seaport Douala, are transit points to ecotourism sites as well as beach resorts like Kribi – near the Chutes de la Lobé waterfalls, which plunge directly into the sea – and Limbe, home to a wildlife center. The modern state of Cameroon was created in 1961 by the union of two former colonies, a British and French colony (BBC.com). The President of Cameroon is Paul Biya and the Prime Minister is Philémon Yang. Their population, as of 2013, is 22.25 million and their official languages are French and English. History shows that Cameroon and Eastern Nigeria was the place of origin for the Bantu peoples. After 12th century ad, the organized Islamic states of the Sudanic belt, especially those of the Kanem and Fulani peoples, at times ruled the grasslands of northern Cameroon (Encyclopedia.com). Small chiefdoms also dominated the western highlands and coastal area. Cameroon’s government is very different from the United States government that we’re use to. Under the 1972 constitution, as amended in 1984, Cameroon has nominally been a republic headed by a president elected by universal suffrage to successive five-year terms, amended to a maximum of two seven-year terms under the 1996 constitution (Magellan). The president appoints the ministers, vice-ministers, and regional functionaries; is the head of the armed forces; and promulgates the laws. The president can decree a state of national emergency and can be invested with special powers.

Their environment is one of Africa’s best and also great for visiting and seeing wildlife. Cameroon has practically every variety Flora and Fauna in tropical Africa. Some Major game animals include buffalo, elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, Derby eland, and kudu (Encyclopedia). Twenty-two primate species are known in the coastal forests along the Gabon border. Some Major game animals include buffalo, elephant, hippopotamus, antelope, Derby eland, and kudu. Twenty-two primate species are known in the coastal forests along the Gabon border. Dense rain forest grows along the coast and in the south.

Cameroon has an extremely diverse population, consisting of approximately 250 ethnic groups. Cameroon Highlanders constitute the majority at 38% of the total population. They include the Bamileke and the Bamoun. The coastal tropical forest peoples, including the Bassa, Douala, and many smaller groups account for about 12% of the population. In the southern tropical forest, ethnic groups include the Ewondo, Bulu, and Fang (all Beti subgroups), and the Maka and Pygmies (officially called Bakas). They account for about 18% of the population. The Fulani (Peuhl) account for about 14% of the population and the Kirdi account for about 18%. Like Before, French and English are the official languages. However, there are 24 major African language groups, with some 270 indigenous dialects spoken. Most belong to the Bantu and Semi-Bantu (or Sudanic) language groups. African language groups, with some 270 indigenous dialects spoken. Most belong to the Bantu and Semi-Bantu (or Sudanic) language groups (Info Please). About 40% of the populations are at least nominally Christian, of whom approximately half are Roman Catholics and half are affiliated with Protestant denominations. As many as 20% are at least nominally Muslim and about 40% practice traditional indigenous religions or no religion at all. Many of the indigenous religions are practiced primarily in rural areas. The Freedom of conscience and freedom of religion are guaranteed by the constitution and these rights are generally respected in practice. Poverty bites much of Cameroon's infrastructure; meaning transport and accommodation are underdeveloped. Outstanding border disputes with Cameroon's powerful neighbor Nigeria...


Cited: "Cameroon." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Nations. 2007. Encyclopedia.com. 12 Jul. 2015.
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