IC50: μ-calpain, Ki = 19 nM
Calpain Inhibitor XII is a reversible and selective inhibitor of calpain I.
Calpain is a protein belonging to the family of calcium-dependent, non-lysosomal cysteine proteases expressed ubiquitously in mammals and many other organisms. Calpain inhibitors have been used to study the role of calpains in diverse processes, including neutrophil chemotaxis, neuronal signaling, and cardiac response to injury.
In vitro: A series of new dipeptidyl alpha-keto amides of the general structure R1-L-Leu-D,L-AA-CONH-R2 including Calpain Inhibitor XII were synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors for the cysteine proteases calpain I, calpain II, and cathepsin B. Calpain II was more sensitive to these inhibitors