CallawayS M3 A2 LASA1

Topics: Mobile phone, Correlation and dependence, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient Pages: 6 (1204 words) Published: December 15, 2014

Driving safety and types of distractions
Sandra Callaway
Argosy University

This research study will examine the role of in vehicle cell phone use and drivers safety by simulation. Since cell phones have been inventions, they have and are becoming very popular, which cause the growth of wireless phones dangerous. In today’s society, many people use cell phones while driving. However, when using a cell phone while driving does it have an impact on drivers’ safety? Today, many people use cell phones between 1 and 3 times per day while driving, and don’t recognize the risk of harming themselves, their occupants, and the public. Whether they are texting, talking, and dialing on the cell phone, it allows many safety hazards to occur. Additionally, using cell phones while operating a vehicle the risk of loss attention, crashes, near crashes, and some form of aggression against other drivers are increased. 1. Does in vehicle cell phone use have an impact on driver’s safety? Many people communicate by cell phones on a daily basis. But they don’t know or understand how this will impact their safety. Driver distractions are becoming a significant problem in motor vehicle collisions. As stated by Cramer, Mayer, and Ryan using a cell phone while driving is hazardous and it magnifies their risk of having a collision, which multiplies the risk of fatalities (2007). Since people do not understand the risk of in vehicle cell phone use, I came up with this research question. Additionally, I wanted to found out how a driver’s safety is impacted by cell phone use. 2. Alternative hypothesis: As measured by simulation, there is a relationship between in vehicle cell phone us and driver's safety. Null hypothesis: There will be no relationship between in vehicle cell phone use and driver's safety, as measured by simulation. 3. The participant chosen for this study are 30 young adults (ages 18 to 25) with the average age being 20, and 30 older adults (ages 30 to 55) with the average age being 40. The participants are from 5 different universities and colleges from 3 different states. These participants were chosen because they all use cell phones while driving to school and on school property. With the young adults, from teenage years to middle age years, the fatality rates continue to increase and they have less driving experience. While with the older adults, they have more driving experience and the risk are lower. The inclusions are age, ethnic, gender, good vision, cell phone, experience, and drivers’ license (Strayer & Drews, 2004). The exclusions are good health, bad health and no driver license. I believe that samples should be diverse because often studies only target specific diverse groups. When only certain groups are studied, then the researcher cannot assess the behaviors of other groups in the population. Some diverse populations include women, low income individuals, gays and lesbians, African American, Latinos, and so on. 4. The sampling technique used for this study will be simple random sampling. This sampling technique was chosen because it is probability and every individual within the population has a chance of being included in the study. The sample will generalize the population where the sample was chosen from. For example, the population was 100 but I chose 60 to participant in the study. 5. For this study, the independent variable is impact on driver safety. While the dependent variable is the scores measure on cell phone use while driving. 6. The operational definition for driver’s safety is to see how the participants score on driving simulator. The operational definition for cell phone use is when drivers’ have accomplished visual, manual, and talking on a, hands free and hand held cell phone. However, the participants will not be actually holding a cell phone in his/her hand. people looking manual and even talking on the cell phone 7. Each variable will be measured using a...

References: Cramer, Sheryl, M.D., M.P.H., Mayer, J., PhD. & Ryan S., PhD. (2007). College students use cell phones while driving more frequently than found in government study. Journal of American College Health, 562), 18-4. Retrieved from
Shaughnessy, J. (2008). Research Methods In Psychology [VitalSource bookshelf version]. Retrieved from
Strayer, D.L., & Drews, F.A. (2004). Profiles in driver distraction: Effect of cell phone conversations on younger and older drivers. Human Factors, 46(4), 640-649. Retrieved
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