Placing products in the BCG matrix results in 4 categories in a portfolio of a company:
• Cash Cow - a business unit that has a large market share in a mature, slow growing industry. Cash cows require little investment and generate cash that can be used to invest in other business units.
• Star - a business unit that has a large market share in a fast growing industry. Stars may generate cash, but because the market is growing rapidly they require investment to maintain their lead. If successful, a star will become a cash cow when its industry matures.
• Question Mark (or Problem Child) - a business unit that has a small market share in a high growth market. These business units require resources to grow market share, but whether they will succeed and become stars is unknown.
• Dog - a business unit that has a small market share in a mature industry. A dog may not require substantial cash, but it ties up capital that could better be deployed elsewhere. Unless a dog has some other strategic purpose, it should be liquidated if there is little prospect for it to gain market share.
[pic] Some limitations of the Boston Consulting Group Matrix include: • High market share is not the only success factor • Market growth is not the only indicator for attractiveness of a market • Sometimes Dogs can earn even more cash as Cash Cows
The BCG Matrix