Based on information in the attached article, Principal Earnie Graham uses a purely traditional managerial approach in running Brittan Elementary School in Sutter, California. He clearly defines his authority when he says that it is within his power to set rules that promote a positive school environment. In his opinion, identification badges will improve things in school, therefore the students will wear badges. This is an example of hierarchy. Managerial Model - The traditional managerial approach views the implementation of i.d. tags as an efficient way to monitor kids. Attendance-taking is streamlined thereby eliminating a level of record keeping. The Principal also notes that the potential exists for school vandalism to be reduced, which reinforces economic concerns expressed by the managerial view. Less vandalism means less expense in repairing damage caused by vandals. Another concern with the managerial approach is effectiveness. Graham states in the article that i.d. tags will improve student safety. Having a way of monitoring students whereabouts is bound to provide an additional safety measure, whether it be a youngster purposely leaving campus or physically being taken without permission. Graham indicates in the article that kids who boycott using the badges could be disciplined. This is another example of the traditional managerial model. Opposition to hierarchy is not permitted. So even if parents tell their children not to wear the badges, the child will suffer the consequences, not the parent. Insubordination is a behavior that will not be tolerated. The two, hierarchy and insubordination, go hand in hand and that's demonstrated in this article. Legal Model
Some parents think the badges violate their children's privacy rights. Under the 4th Amendment, people have the right to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures,
'. However, how much privacy should a child have in...
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