REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Foot odor is a disease which is scientifically known as bromhidrosis- sweaty and smelly feet. While neither painful nor contagious, foot odor causes unmitigated social suffering to those who are burdened with it. Under normal conditions each of your feet produces half a pint of sweat by means by means of some 20,000 sweat glands. In most people, this perspiration evaporates. In people with bromhidrosis, however , more sweat is produced, and it doesn’t evaporate as easily, which will result to odoriferous feet. In the presence of bacteria, these sweaty secretions break down, generating a foul smell . Obviously washing away the bacteria and drying very carefully can temporarily make your feet smell sweet.(Renner, 1993). Nowadays, foot odor cases are increasing due to unexpected rain and heat. Commonly in males. Foot odor is caused by bacteria. As a result, it produces a foul smell. When feet becomes moist, it provides as breeding area for bacteria and fungi. Thus , leads to the accumulation of bacteria and is usually a long term ailment . If not treated well, it will not be removed.( Alengasa, 2009). Mild cases of athlete’s foot are improved by keeping the feet dry and using foot powder especially between the ties and changing socks frequently. Foot powder relieves itching and absorbs moisture on the feet. It also soothes irritated skin and prevents foot odor by controlling odor-causing bacteria. Applyinf foot powder will lessen the presence of bacteria especially if the powder contains Calamansi. Calamansi could be a good antibacterial agent in removing bacteria because of its acidic taste and sweet scent.(Renner, 1993). This study selected Calamansi (Citrofortunella mitis) peelings as a main ingredient in making foot powder. The researchers had chosen these plant because it is abundant in our locality and therefore easy to gather and obtain. Calamansi is known to whiten and brighten the skin and also appealing because of its deodorizing effect. Citrofortunella mitis belongs to the Rutaceae family and is known locally as “Kalamansi “ or “Calamondin”. It is also known as Philippine lemon . It is a small tree, originally native to China, which is now widely grown throughout Southern Asia and Malaysia. It is particularly important source of citrus in Philippine Islands. The Kalamansi fruit is of small size (3-4 cm wide). It does not resemble a lemon nor a lime, but was thought to be a hybrid of a lime and a mandarin orange or a kumquat. This is probably why it has been referred as “Chinese orange.” The fruit is best used when mature and still green but also be used when fully ripe (yellow to orange in color). The extremely juicy and highly acid pulp has a particularly distinct, aromatic smell and taste. The fruit juice is an ingredient in numerous local beverages, cakes, sauces and marmalades.( Sarasota, 1999). It is said that calamansi is an acid citrus, a group that includes lemons and limes. This is because the fresh is orange ,juicy and acidic acid with a fine lime flavor. The many uses of calamansi make this fruit a wonder fruit. Calamansi halves or quarters may be squeezed on iced tea, seafoods and meat, to enhance iron absorption. According to theNutritional Guidelines for Filipinos 2000 developed by Technical Working Group headed by the Food and Nutrition Research Institute of the DOST(2007). Aside from the food and medicinal uses of calamansi, the fruit juice is used to bleach ink stains from fabrics and serve as a body deodorant. There are two types of sweat glands in the human body. The apocrine glands are located primarily in the armpits, breast, and genital areas. These glands produce a strong odor to attract potential mates. The other type of sweat gland is the eccrine gland. This is the sweat gland responsible for our bodies’ thermoregulation. When we sweat, it creates a moist environment for bacteria that are on our skin to begin...
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