Cache Level 3, Unit 1

Topics: Childhood, The Child, Childcare Pages: 18 (5014 words) Published: December 13, 2012
Throughout Wales there are a variety of services available that aim to provide support for children and their families. These services may be offered in either a statutory, voluntary or private setting.


“Statutory services are usually free of charge. A good example of this is schools” Tassoni et al (2007) pg.4

Their main aim is to provide education to all children between 5-16 yrs. old.

“The state is required by law to ensure that all children, including those with disabilities, receive education if they are of statutory school age” Beaver et al (2008) pg. 7

As well as education, schools provide a safe and secure environment, warmth and nutrition, these are basic needs that have to be met in order for children to develop to their full potential. They support the child’s family by keeping them informed either through reports home or verbal feedback I.e. parent’s evening.The Welsh Assembly Government introduced the ‘School breakfast initiative’ in 2004 which means many schools now provide breakfast clubs.

“The Welsh Assembly Government made a commitment to provide for all children of primary school age in maintained primary schools in Wales to have a free, healthy breakfast at school each day” accessed 19-10-2012

These may be beneficial to full time working parents that have to leave early to get to work. Many schools now have family learning sessions, giving parents a chance to obtain new skills e.g. computing skills, through this, parents will feel a sense of achievement.


“These are profit making services”
Tassoni et al (2007) p. 6

They’re funded through fees charged for using their services
A private service may be a child-minder. This is someone who looks after other people’s children in their own homes, they must abide certain standards and regulations, be inspected and registered by Care and Social Services Inspectorate Wales. The CSSIW will check the child-minder meets the standards and regulations required and anyone residing in their home is suitable to look after children.

They provide a safe and secure environment for the children to explore. They may also be minding children of a similar age, enabling them to socialise with others.
As a child-minder cares for children as young as newborn they will have to provide stimulation as well as meeting the child’s basic needs
Parents and families may find a child-minder beneficial as they provide care for their children for them to go to work or further education etc. The care is provided throughout school term and even school holidays and inset days.


“These are services provided by organisations such as charities where some or all of their funding comes from donations” Tassoni et al (2007) pg. 3

They are run by experienced volunteers. They may charge a small fee to use their services but this money goes back into the facility to purchase more equipment.
A mother-toddler group would provide this service. They aim to provide a safe and secure environment, meet many of the child’s basic needs and provide opportunities for children and parent’s/carers to socialise with others.

These services may be beneficial to parents/carers that work part time, but not so much to full time workers as the sessions are usually held for two hours or less.

There are many pieces of legislation in our country that help when supporting the rights of children. It is our responsibilities to make sure that these rules and regulations are followed in order promote these rights.

The main piece of legislation we follow is the Children Act (1989) this act
“Aims to protect children in every situation - in their homes, in day care or in full time care” Beaver et al (2008) pg 19

Some of the principles included in the act are:
* Children have the right to be safe.
* The welfare of the child is paramount.
* Children should be included in decision...

References: Pgs. 3, 4, 6, 235
WAG (2008) Framework for Children’s Learning for 3 to 7-year-olds in Wales Department for Children, Education, Lifelong Learning and Skills.
Hixson, J. (2012) Unit 1 hand outs
Llewelyn,A Child Centred Education (2008) Susan Darst Williams. Accessed 12/11/2012 UNCRC Articles and what’s next
Daly,M. Byers,E. Taylor,W. (2006) Understanding Early Years Theory in Practice. Oxford Heinemann
Tassoni,P (2001) Caring for Children Oxford Heinemann
Tassoni,P. Beith,K. Bulman,K. Eldridge,H. (2007) CACHE Level 3 Child Care and Education 4th Edition Oxford Heinemann
WAG (2008) Framework for Children’s Learning for 3 to 7-year-olds in Wales Department for Children, Education, Lifelong Learning and Skills.
Llewelyn,A. (2012) Unit 1 hand outs
Child Centred Education (2008) Susan Darst Williams. Accessed 12/11/2012
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