Cabinet System

Topics: Malaysia, United Malays National Organisation, Ketuanan Melayu Pages: 12 (4300 words) Published: April 2, 2011
Cabinet system
The Cabinet of Malaysia is the executive branch of Malaysia's government. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Parliament. According to the Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the Cabinet can only be selected from members of either houses of Parliament. Formally, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong appoints all Ministers on the advice of the Prime Minister, which he is obliged to follow.[1]According to Article 43 of the Constitution, members of the cabinet including all the ministers and deputy ministers shall not be a member of state legislative assembly, a member shall resign from the Assembly before exercising the functions of his office. Ministers other than the Prime Minister shall hold office during the pleasure of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, unless the appointment of any Minister shall have been revoked by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong on the advice of the Prime Minister but any Minister may resign his office. Cabinet Appointments

By convention, members of the Cabinet are typically appointed from the lower house of Parliament, the Dewan Rakyat. Although Deputy Ministers and/or Parliamentary Secretaries may be appointed to each portfolio, they are not included in the Cabinet. The Cabinet meets weekly, every Wednesday.[2] After the position of Parliamentary Secretary was removed and partial live telecasts of Parliament proceedings began in 2008, Cabinet meetings were moved to Fridays whenever Parliament sat, so as to allow Ministers to personally answer questions during Question Time in Parliament.[3]

Cabinet composition
The composition of the Cabinet, and the number of portfolios depends mainly on the wishes of the Prime Minister at the time. However, the post of Finance Minister was considered so important as to be a necessity, and as a result was incorporated by the Minister of Finance (Incorporation) Act 1957 (Act 375).[4] The position of Deputy Prime Minister is one that exists by convention, and as a result a Prime Minister could theoretically form a Cabinet without a Deputy.[5] Deputy ministers exist for each portfolio, although they are not considered members of the Cabinet. The position of Deputy Minister was created by constitutional amendment in 1960. The office of parliamentary secretary for each ministry exists but none were appointed after the 2008 Malaysian general election. Parliamentary secretaries were provided for by an amendment in 1963. Deputy ministers and parliamentary secretaries are also appointed from members of Parliament, and deputise for the ministers in government ministries and in Parliament respectively. An additional office, that of Political Secretary, exists. Political Secretaries need not be members of Parliament. Before taking office, all members of the Cabinet, Deputy Ministers, Parliamentary Secretaries and Political Secretaries take an oath of secrecy concerning the proceedings of the Cabinet. (See also Official Secrets Act (Malaysia).)[

Current Cabinet
The Barisan Nasional coalition won the general elections to the 12th Malaysian Parliament on March 8, 2008 and formed the government. Following Abdullah Ahmad Badawi's resignation as Prime Minister, a new Cabinet was announced by new coalition leader, Najib Tun Razak, on April 9, 2009 and were sworn in on April 10, 2009. Najib reshuffled his Cabinet on June 1, 2010, swapping two ministers. Portfolio| Office Bearer| Party|

Prime Minister of Malaysia
Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia| Najib Tun Razak
Muhyiddin Yassin| UMNO
Ministers in the Prime Minister's Department
National Unity and Performance Management
Law and Parliament
Economic Planning Unit (EPU)
Islamic Affairs
Performance Management and Delivery Unit (Pemandu) CEO|
Koh Tsu Koon (Senator)
Nazri Aziz
Nor Mohamed Yakcop
Jamil Khir Baharom (Senator)
Idris Jala (Senator)|
Minister of Finance
Minister of Finance II...
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