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CNA Test Review

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CNA Test Review
CNA Test Review #2

• Note: Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs WILL BE ON TEST, even though it is not in this review. Refer to textbook.
• Note: Need to know Metastasis: the spread of cancer to other body parts
• Note: Review osteoporosis
• What are some common causes of stroke
• Note: Review emphysema

Communication

1. What is communication?The exchange of information. A message sent is received and interpreted by the intended person.

2. How do people communicate nonverbally? Communication is also psychological. It involves thinking and reasoning. In non verbal communication, messages are sent with gestures, facial expressions, posture, body movements, touch and smell.

3. What clues might the nurse aide see that a resident does
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What is the difference between objective and subjective data? Objective data: information that can be seen, heard, felt or smelled by an observer; signs, such as a temperature reading that indicates a fever. Subjective data: things a person tells you about that you cannot observe through your senses. Can be symptoms, such as someone just “feeling” hot.

9. Communications techniques:
A) Which communication technique lets you make sure that you understand the message? Clarifying
B) What technique lets the person choose what to talk about? Open ended questions
C) What is accomplished by listening to a person’s concerns? Observing verbal and nonverbal cues that they are giving you. You are also validating that person by showing them respect.

10. Why is written documentation so important in health care? It shows the person’s condition and response to the treatment. It’s a permanent record that can help keep the patient from harm or from having an unnecessary procedure due to wrong information.

Basic Human Needs
1. Define stress: The response or change in the body caused by any emotional, physical, social or economical factor

2. Define anxiety: A vague, uneasy feeling in response to
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What resting position is characteristic of a person with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease? The fowler position (45 to 60 degree head tilt), semi fowler position, and the orthopneic position (sitting up and leaning over a table to breathe). DO NOT HAVE THEM LAYING FLAT.

11. Why would you encourage activity for a person with respiratory disease? What other interventions would reduce the risk for complications of COPD? Activity improves lung strength, helps remove mucus from the lungs, increases oxygenation of the blood, and prevents infection. Other interventions that would help are: reduce tobacco use/exposure to second hand smoke, respiratory therapy, and exercise.

12. What effects do normal age-related changes in the GI system have on a person’s quality of life? Effects are: possible diet change due to diminished ability to taste and smell, difficulty digesting things, changes in your bowels (such as constipation, loose stools and compaction).

13. What characterizes a malignant tumor? It is invasive and spreads to destroy surrounding cells/tissue. It can return. A benign tumor is not malignant.

14. What disease is characterized by the body’s inability to either produce or use insulin?

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