Business Studies
Topics: Marketing, Product differentiation, Psychographic / Pages: 13 (3155 words) / Published: Jan 30th, 2013

A production concept is the oldest of the concepts in business. Business concerned itself primarily with production, manufacturing, and efficiency issues. It holds that consumers will prefer products that are widely available and inexpensive. Managers focusing on this concept concentrate on achieving high production efficiency, low costs, and mass distribution. They assume that consumers are primarily interested in product availability and low prices. This orientation makes sense in developing countries, where consumers are more interested in obtaining the product than in its features.
The basic proposition is that customers will choose products and services that are widely available and are of low cost. So business is mainly concerned with making as many units as possible. By concentrating on producing maximum volumes, such a business aims to maximize profitability by exploiting economies of scale. Managers try to achieve higher volume with low cost and intensive distribution strategy. This seems a viable strategy in a developing market where market expansion is the survival strategy for the business. Companies interested to take the benefit of scale economies purse this kind of orientation.
In a production-orientated business, the needs of customers are secondary compared with the need to increase output. Such an approach is probably most effective when a business operates in very high growth markets or where the potential for economies of scale is significant. It is natural that the companies cannot deliver quality products and suffer from problems arising out of impersonal behavior with the customers. For example Maggi, Cintan and Indo-mee instant noodle products highly demanded by every household and these products are widely distributed in convenience stores, supermarkets, hypermarkets and even some retailing shops in Malaysia.

The product concept proposes that consumers will prefer products that have better quality, performance and features as opposed

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