Business Ethics Across Cultures

Topics: Morality, Business ethics, Nation Pages: 5 (1504 words) Published: August 23, 2010

Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review

Berry C. Miller

Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility (Axia)/XMGT216

July 11, 2010

Frank Czarny

Business Ethics Across Cultures Article Review

Managers and leaders of companies conducting business internationally face many ethical and moral issues. When companies conduct business with other nations many dilemmas may occur because of ignorance of the other nation’s customs and beliefs. Understanding the customs and beliefs of countries will improve the relationship between the individuals and teams conducting business. The best way to ensure improved success is to have the most experienced team members conducting the business with the other nation’s most experienced personnel. This ensures the business relationship will flow smoothly and will be more productive without insulting each nation. Managers must rely on the strengths of their company and know what the best method to conduct business is and how to obtain the most out of the work performed. All companies that conduct international business make every effort to minimize ethical and moral issues. Convergence and Divergence in International Business Ethics

National groups or companies are made of different multilevel functions consisting of unique ethical positions. Two types of theory conditions exist: norm and degree community inclusion that determines convergence instead of divergence as it relates to ethical viewpoints (Bailey & Spicer, 2007). Russian and American survey results demonstrate comparable systems as both nations relate to ethical situations. Although Russian and American differences were evident in the past, the ethical reactions were similar. Throughout the business process each country must make all efforts to work together for the best of their nation. Local social beliefs seem to influence the manner in which decisions are made and implemented. Different ways of conducting business while implementing ethical restraint may occur even though the countries maintain their own cultural individuality. Countries will always differ in the way ethical and moral philosophies are taught and put into action. Russia and the United States have distinct methods of carrying out business, which change based on the individuals involved with the business transactions. Although each country works together with the intent of successfully representing their country in business, basic ethical and moral actions and beliefs remain in effect in most cases even when society influences are different. The leaders or managers of each country must make efforts to separate their individual thoughts and beliefs from the influences brought about by representing their country and what is in the best interest of the country. Business Ethics versus Personal Ethics

At times it is difficult to separate business ethics and personal ethics and morality. Social beliefs and demands placed on business within a country and the business conducted outside of that country normally become a high point of interest. Russian society and its beliefs sometimes influence the national leaders and business leaders especially when dealing with countries that still may not fully trust the actions of the country. Economic systems in place at this time did not exist in the past. The Russian society currently allows change because it was evident over so many years that the nation must change and join with other nations if they were to be successful and survive. Although it seems the Russian society has more of an influence on the ethical and moral beliefs of its leaders, the United States’ society also has much influence on the ethical and moral beliefs demonstrated by national leaders. A community of individuals will always have differences of opinions about how their leaders should represent them ethically and morally. Leaders always face challenges in how they interpret and implement the beliefs...

References: Bailey, W., & Spicer, A. (2007). When Does National Identity Matter? Convergence and Divergence in International Business Ethics. Academy of Management Journal, 50(6), 1462-1480. Retrieved July 10, 2010 from Business Source Complete database.
Chandler, J., & Graham, J. (2010). Relationship-Oriented Cultures, Corruption, and International Marketing Success. Journal of Business Ethics, 92(2), 251-267. doi:10.1007/s10551-009-0152-7. Retrieved July 11, 2010 from Business Source Complete database.
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