An Ethical Dilemma
Table of content
Homosexual can be defined as people who have “emotional, romantic, or sexual abstractions to members of one’s own sex” (APA, 2008), which has drawn an increasing attention all over the world. There is a documentary film called Lead with Love which based on homosexuals’ parents. At the end of the firm, it indicates that homosexuality is a biological variability, not a disease or a choice (Whether kids are gay or straight, family love is key, 2011). However, because of the different sexual orientation, homosexuality also can be regarded as a ethical dilemma which is “a situation in which there is no obvious ‘right’ or ‘wrong’ decision, but rather a ‘right’ or ‘right’ answer” (Ghillyer, 2008, p9). In other words, it is difficult to offer a specific answer of whether homosexual relationship should be accepted. For this essay, I will utilize Ghillyer’s (2008) three-step process to analyze and solve this ethic problem. 2. Consequences
2.1. Social Exclusion
Actually, it is difficult to deny that homosexual suffer the social exclusion in the recent world. Silver (2007) defined social exclusion as “a multidimensional process of progressive social rupture, detaching groups and individuals from social relations institutions and preventing them from full participation in the normal, normatively prescribed activities of the society in which they live” (p.15). On the one hand, some people opposed homosexual relationship because of religious reasons. To be more specific, religious opponents suppose that accepting gay couples is against their religious beliefs. According to Britton (2011), homosexual is condemned to be a sin by Western Christian theology. In fact, discriminating and rejecting homosexuality has become to be one integral part for some traditional religious organizations, which will contaminate and influence the general view of homosexual relationship to the public, for example, some people constantly utilize the Bible to support their point and object to gay relationship. On the other hand, “groups that classify homosexuals as homosexuality is immoral, unnatural and a threat to traditional masculinity” (Curtis, 2011). In other words, people divide the general public into two groups which are homosexual and heterosexual. Moreover, people regard homosexual as the minority group which represent deviant, unhealthy and weird. Curtis described that homosexuality have been supposed to be one kind of counterculture in some region. In general, homosexual people are treated as “a deviant condition” and have been targeted as victims of social exclusion. 2.2. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2013) published a report in 2010 and pointed that “Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) represent approximately 2% of the US population, yet are the population most severely affected by HIV and are the only rich group in which new HIV infections have been increasing steadily since the early 1990s”. The report (2013) also stated 6% of the amount of all new AIDS victims are MSM in the United States in 2010. Although it is easy to say that male homosexual have accounted for a large part of HIV infections, the percentage of AIDS transmission caused by homosexual people is low. In other words, according to Daniel, bisexual who will have sex with both male and female could build a significant bridge to help AIDS transmission. Overall, Matt Foreman (as cited in Patrick, 2009) who is the managing director of the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force indicated that “the homosexual lifestyle is extremely high-risk and often leads to disease and even death”. 2.3. Internalized Homophobia
Internalized homophobia can be defined as negative emotions that homosexual have towards themselves because of their sexual orientation. There are a variety of behaviors that...
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