Business and Society

Topics: Three Gorges Dam, Royal Dutch Shell, Yangtze River Pages: 11 (3585 words) Published: July 29, 2013
Sustainable Business Transformation

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Part A.

Question 1.Describe some of the conflicting social, economic, and environmental costs, benefits, and issues associated with construction of the Three Gorges Dam. Remember to consider global as well as local and regional issues and impacts (or potential future impacts) of construction and operation of this dam.

The three gorges dam construction on the Yangzi River in China started in the year 1997. Environmental assessment flexibility provides a clear sensitivity to the economic and social impacts of the Three Gorges project. In that case this environmental assessment is able to reveal sound economic, environmental, and social reasons for shifting projects. For social issues the environmental assessment is able to help the dam project through involving the community in the necessity to exchange views and ideas which are necessary for the dam construction. Additionally, it is able to strengthen and establish communication and decision making mechanisms in the project (Willard, 2005). Due to the common flood experienced in the Yangtze river, many of the people have spend millions over the damages they have incurred on their property, homes and land for the resettlement. In that case, the construction of this dam has really had a positive impact to the entire region because it has lessened the floods impact hence an impact to the economy in a positive way. On the other hand, it has an impact to the China economy as it provides energy hence creation of many job opportunities. This has played a big role to the China government because it has used these dam resources to pay most of their debts hence good revenue. The creation of this reservoir has various number of economic values such as agriculture due to the irrigation development. Additionally, it has served as habitat of other living creature due to the cool and favorable climate within the dam region. Many of the plants and animals have found their refuge in the region because it possess variety of water and food. The disturbance and other disruptions created by the river have acted as an endangerment to these living creatures. This disruption affects the creatures such as the fish because it causes blockages to their migratory paths. Due to the physical injuries including the noise disturbances and other collisions has led to the demise of the aquatic animals.

The increase of sediments in the reservoir has led to damages of the beaches, river deltas and the floodplains which create habitats to the spawning creatures. The release of the toxic substances done by the industry processes also alters the biodiversity of the region. On the other hand, complains by the relocated people such as inadequate compensations, corruption within the communities and the shortage of jobs. This is a destruct to the organizations reputation hence undermining the projects benefits and market. This has happened to be costly for the three gorges dam as they try to uplift and find ways in which they may curb these complains. They have been making various ways to find job opportunities for these people in order to silence those (Wankel & Stoner, 2009). The geographical appearance of the land that the three gorges dam has been located is also an influence to the projects benefits and its cost. The three gorges dam spends a lot during their flood control objective.

This is due to the sliding land which makes it incur a lot of cost as they try to raise the water levels. During this experience the befit of generating power by the project was also costly. Though the hydropower is a clean energy and also environmental friendly, it is so costly hence influencing the project’s benefits and the cost. Under the environmental friendly perspective the hydropower reduces the carbon emissions (Wankel & Stoner, 2009).

Question 2.Describe the biases,...


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