Bus 642 Week 2

Topics: Causality, Research, Experiment Pages: 4 (1070 words) Published: November 18, 2012
Page 50
1 - A Competitive Coup in the In-Flight Magazine.
What are the most prudent decisions she can make about her responsibilities to herself and others? The most prudent decision that she can make to herself, her organization and the competition is to turn the document over to one of the airline personnel. She should continue on with her research because even though she saw the competitor’s results she may be able to find more information that may change the end results. She should also inform the organizations ethicist along with her manager. What are the implications of those decisions even if there is no violation of law or regulation? The implications of her actions are more personal values along with showing her manager, the airline personnel, and the competitor’s organization that she works for an ethical organization and that she herself is able to conduct herself in a manner that is a positive reflection of her organization.

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Terms in Review
1 - Distinguish between the following:
A Exploratory and formal studies.
Exploratory studies tend toward loose structure with the objective of discovering future research tasks. The immediate purpose of exploration is usually to develop hypothesis or questions for further research. Formal study begins where the exploration leaves off – it begins with the hypothesis or research question and involves precise procedures and data source specifications. The goal of a formal research design is to test the hypotheses or answer the research questions posed. B Experimental and ex post facto research designs.

Experimental or experiment – the researcher attempts to control and or manipulate the variables in the study. Ex post facto design – the investigators have no control over the variables; to do so introduces bias. C Descriptive and causal studies.

Descriptive study is if the research is concerned with finding out who, what, where, when, or how much. Casual studies are if a study...

References: Green, N. (2012, January 2012). Correlation is not causation. Retrieved from Guardian: http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/blog/2012/jan/06/correlation-causation
Extraneous and Confounding Variables and Systematic vs Non-Systematic Error. (NA). Retrieved from Pstchology World: http://web.mst.edu/~psyworld/extraneous.htm
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