Bullying is it a Learned Behavior?
University of Phoenix
Bullying is it a Learned Behavior?
“Historically, school bullying has not received a great deal of attention from academic researchers; policy makers or the general public [until the amount] of suicides became media attention” (Neiman, S., 2012). Bullying does not discriminate to whom or where it happens. Bullying has occurred for many decades at school, on the playground, jobs; any place a person has experienced an unpleasant encounter with another individual. This is a serious concern around the world. According to Henry (2000), “Any instance of crime or violence in the schools not only affects the individuals involved, but also may disrupt the educational process, affecting bystanders, the school itself, and the surrounding community.” There are several explanations why an individual teases and taunts another individual, one is to show superior or gain notoriety. What society isn’t taking into account is the possibility that the bully may be suffering with depression or low self-esteem (Walters, 2011). The overall goal is to recognize the signs and stop the act. The short-and long-term goal is prevention by anti-bullying campaigns, education and awareness, parental and community involvement, and getting policy makers to set laws that will hold the individual accountable. According to Brubacher, “statistics show that 60% of bullies in middle school will incur at least one criminal conviction by the age of 24 and a staggering 40% will incur three or more and child bullies are more likely exposed to domestic violence where conflict is settled by corporal punishment or when the parent is angered by emotional outburst" (as cited in Brubacher, et al., 2009). Therefore, this is teaching the child to handle conflict with aggressive behavior. This behavior then is consistent with bullying when the child is faced with [decision making] (Brubacher, et al., 2009).
What is bullying?
Bullying used as an adjective is defined as “overbearing and blustery, and bully is defined as treating abusively; to affect by means of force or coercion, and to use browbeating language or behavior” (Britannica, 2013). Bullying is aggressive behavior forced onto another individual to show superiority. “There are several types of bullying; verbal, [physical], cyber, [social] and bystander” (Stand up In Ctrl, 2013). The first type of abuse is verbal, which is name calling, insulting, negative comments about one’s weight, appearance, and or race (Bullying, 2013). The second type of abuse is physical, which is described “when a person is subjected to physical violence, it involves slapping and punching” (Carpenter & Ferguson, 2011). The third type is social bullying, which involves spreading rumors, and talking about an individual to make them feel uncomfortable (Learning, 2013). When a person observes another individual getting bullied and does not do anything, they are called a bystander (Stand up In Ctrl, 2013).The last type of bullying is cyber-bullying which is done by email or text. Utilizing social media like Twitter and Facebook allows millions of people to view public information. Who does the bullying?
Understanding the reasons why an individual would bully another human being will help put things in to perceptive; for example culture recognition, which is described as making someone feel in power or it, could be institutional cause. The lack of respect in the work place is institutional cause. An example is how management treats their employees in an open floor environment. Social issues deals with jealousy or a lack of social and personal skill that lead to intimidation techniques, while family conflict teaches children how to problem solve and deal with issues by the behavior that the parents teach their children (Bullying, 2013) (Brubacher, 2009). Psychological reasoning
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