School is the center of adolescent life. The adolescent learns more than reading, writing, and arithmetic in the school environment. He or she also learns socialization skills that shape their view of themselves as well as relationships with others. Teen's face problems in school today that previous generations had not been forced to deal with One such problem is school violence. Our nation has seen extreme examples of school violence in Littleton, Colorado; West paducah, Kentucky; Johesboro, Arkansas; Pearl, Mississippi; and Springfield, Colorado. However, school violence, also called "bullying" is not always so extreme and/or obvious. In the educational system today it is necessary, if not vital, to understand the pervasiveness of bullying. In the article by Laura M Crothers and Edward M Levinson entitled, "Assesment of bullying, a review of methods and instruments, the authors discuss the issue of bullying as well as means and methods to assess bullying.
Bullying can range from subtle behaviors such as social isolation of an inividual, manipulation of friends or emotional pain, on up to the more overt behaviors such as name-calling, verbal assault and physical assault. Basically, bullying is described by the authors of the article as "the process of establishing and maintaining social dominance through overt aggression an doing so in ways that victims are unable to deflect because of their lack of skills, their inability to effectively integrate with peers, or their inability to debelop subgroups of peers.(______)
Bullying affects its victims immediately by means of psychological as well as physical distress, difficulty concentration, and school phobia. Long term effects include an inability to form and maintain interpersonal relationships, as well as increased levels of depression and a damaged self concept. Damaging effects of bullying are not limited to just the victim. Children who bully develop the desire...
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