BuildingACultureOfPeace Web Dec07

Topics: Peace, Nobel Prize, Nobel Peace Prize Pages: 45 (7565 words) Published: November 25, 2014
Building
a Culture of
Peace
For the Children
of the World
This exhibit brings together the ideas of
hundreds of people and organizations dedicated
to finding a path to lasting peace.
We hope that you will leave with renewed
confidence that a culture of peace is possible—
and a necessity for life on earth.
Everything that is needed to build a culture of
peace already exists in each of our hearts. As
stated in the United Nations definition, a Culture
of Peace is a set of values, attitudes, modes of
behavior and ways of life that reject violence and
prevent conflicts by tackling their root causes and
solving problems through dialogue and negotiation
among individuals, groups and nations.

Barriers to Peace
Environmental
Irresponsibility
Pollution and the destruction of the
natural environment require solutions
that go beyond national boundaries.
Global warming could cause 40 to 50
percent of the world’s population to be
affected by insect-transmitted diseases
such as malaria and dengue fever.

Isolationism
People can become frightened by the rising
tide of internationalism. Some retreat to
familiar places and customs and avoid
encounters with “foreigners.”
Ignorance of other cultures and countries creates
a narrow, distorted view of life and the world.
Education is key to fostering global-minded
individuals.

“It is not the violence of a few
that scares me,
it is the silence of the many.”
—Martin Luther King, Jr.

Poverty
Need is the root cause of many of the
conflicts in the world. Where children
are hungry, there can be no peace.
78% of Sub-Saharan Africans and 84%
of South Asians live on less than $2 a day.
Of the world’s 1.3 billion poor people, it is
estimated that nearly 70 % are women.

Greed
A struggle between powers for
territorial dominance led to two
World Wars and the Cold War.
The struggle now is for economic
domination.
Europe consumes roughly 14 times
the resources it contains. The United
States, with just over 4 % of the
world’s people, consumes 28% of world
resources. Japan, with about 2% of the
world population, is the world’s 4th
largest energy consumer. More than
80% of Japan’s energy is imported.

Prejudice and
Stereotyping

Nuclear Threat

To motivate people to make war, the enemy
must be a recognizable evil—a stereotype.
Prejudice and hate are fueled by ignorance.

Nuclear weapons are the ultimate
embodiment of human negativity. A
balance of nuclear power is impossible.
There are enough nuclear weapons
stockpiled to devastate the Earth and
kill every person on the planet several
times over.

The Illusion of
“Efficiency”
In the technocratic view that places the
utmost value on technological progress,
efficiency and expediency, human beings
are reduced to things.
This dehumanizing tendency is starkly
evident in the language of war planning
where the death of innocent people becomes
“collateral damage,” attacks become “strikes,”
and “liquidation” and “neutralize” become
euphemisms for killing.

“All war is based on deception.”—The Art of
War, by Sun Tzu, circa 500 BCE

The United Nations
and the Culture of Peace
As defined by the United
Nations, the Culture of Peace
is a set of values, attitudes,
modes of behavior and
ways of life that reject violence
and prevent conflicts by
tackling their root causes
to solve problems through
dialogue and negotiation
among individuals, groups
and nations.

1989

A “culture of peace” was first
expressed officially at the
International Congress on Peace
in the Minds of People held in
Ivory Coast, Africa.

1997

UN designated the year 2000 the
“International Year for the Culture
of Peace.”

1999

On September 13, the UN
General Assembly adopted the
“Declaration on a Culture of
Peace” and the “Programme of
Action on a Culture of Peace.”

2000

“International Year for a Culture
of Peace” UNESCO supported
the Manifesto 2000...
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