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Buhay ni Jose Rizal

By Kevin-Cristobal Dec 04, 2013 1033 Words
Jose Rizal’s Educational Background
Rizal’s first teachers:

1.Dona Teodora 
- was his mother she was patient, conscientious and , understanding - she discovered that her son had a talent for poetry
- she encouraged him to write poems

2. Private Tutors of Rizal
- Maestro Celestino
- Maestro Lucas
- Leon Monroy

Rizal goes to Binan,Laguna:
- June, 1869 Rizal left for Binan
- Was accompanied by Paciano his older brother
- He was taught by Maestro Justiniano
- In academic studies, Rizal beat all Binan boys
- He surpassed them all in Spanish, Latin, and other subjects

Life and Studies in Ateneo
- Ateneo De Municipal established by the Jesuits
- Rizal entered in 1872
- He belonged to the class composed of Spaniards, mestizos and Filipinos - His teacher was Fr. Jose Bech
- He was considered as an inferior and was placed at the buttom of the class - By the end of the month he became the emperor and received a prize, a religious picture - To improve his Spanish Rizal took private lessons in Santa Isabel College - During his 4th year in Ateneo he received 5 medals and graduated as sobresaliente - He graduated on March 23, 1877(16 years old)

- Received the degree of bachelor of arts, with highest honors not a valedictiorian

Extra Curricular Involvement
- an emperor inside the classroom
- campus leader
- active member and became a secretary, the Marian Congregation Religious Society - member of the Academy of Spanish Literature and the Academy of Natural Sciences - poet
- studied painting under the famous Spanish Painter, Agustin Saez - improved his sculpture talents under the supervision of Romualdo de Jesus - engaged in gymnastics and fencing and continued the physical training under his sports-minded Tio Manuel.

Medical Studies in University of Sto. Thomas (1877-1882)

- After graduating , he continued his education at UST
- He finished a year in Philosophy and Letters
- He decided to shift to a medical course
- UST was under the Dominicans , rival of the Jesuits in education - Remained loyal to Ateneo participated in extracurricular activities in Ateneo and completed a course in surveying - As a Thomasian he won more literary laurels

- During his first term in 1877-1878 in UST, he studied Cosmology, Metaphysics , Theodicy and History of Philosophy. - It was during the school term 1878-1879 that Rizal pursued his studies in medicine

Reasons why Rizal wanted to study Medicine:

- He wanted to be a physician so that he could cure his mother’s failing eyesight - Fr. Pablo Ramon, the Father Rector of Ateneo whom he consulted for a choice of career, finally answered his letter , and recommended medicine

Pre- Med Course

- Curso de Ampiacion or Advanced course in Physics, Chemistry and Natural History. - Out of the 28 young men taking Ampliacion only four including Rizal were granted the privilege of taking simultaneously the preparatory course and the first year of medicine - Rizal also received his four year practical training in medicine at the Hospital de San Juan de Dios in Intramuros - During his last year at the University, Rizal had obtained the global grade of Notable(Very Good) in all of his subjects, and he was the second best student in a decimated class of seven who passed the medicine course. After which, Rizal decided to study in Spain. Academic Journey To Spain ( 1882-1885 )

- His departure for Spain was kept secret from Spanish Authorities, friars and even his parents especially his mother because she would not allow him to go - To avoid detection , he used the name Jose Mercado

- On May 3, 1882 he boarded on Salvadora bound for Singapore where he was the only Filipino passenger - On November 3, 1882, he enrolled in Universidad Central de Madrid taking up two courses: Philosophy an Letters and Medicine - On June 21, 1884 , he conferred the degree of Licentiate in Medicine - The Following academic year , he studied and passed all subjects leading to the degree of doctor of medicine - Unfortunately, he was not able to submit the thesis required for graduation nor paid the corresponding fees - With that, he was not awarded his Doctor’s Diploma

- Jose Rizal also finished his studies in Philosophy and Letters with higher grades - He was awarded the Degree of Licentiate in Philosophy and Letters by the Universidad Central de Madrid June 19, 1885 with the rating of excellent.

Opthalmology studies and travels in Europe
- Jose Rizal went to Paris and Germany in order to specialize in ophthalmology. Among all branches, he chose this specialization because he wanted to cure his mother’s failing eyesight. - In 1885, after studying at the Universidad Central de Madrid, Rizal, who was then 24 years old, went to Paris to acquire more knowledge in ophthalmology

Rizal friends in Europe:
- Maximo Viola
- Senor Eusebio Corominas
- Don Miguel Morayta
- Dr. Louis de Weckert

- On February 3, 1886, after gathering some experience in ophthalmology, he left Paris and went to Heidelberg, Germany - He worked at the University Eye Hospital under the direction of Dr. Otto Becker, a distinguished German ophthalmologist - On April 22, 1886, Rizal wrote a poem entitled A Las Flores de Heidelberg (To the Flowers of Heidelberg) because he was fascinated by the blooming flowers along the Neckar River, which was the light blue flower called “forget-me-not”. - On August 14, 1886, Rizal arrived in Leipzig. There, he attended some lectures at the University of Leipzig on history and psychology

Resons Why Rizal choose to reside in germane longer:
- to gain further his studies in science and languages
- to observe the economic and political conditions of the German nation  - to associate with the famous scientists and scholars
- lastly to publish his novel Noli Me Tangere

Jose Rizal earned a Licentiate in Medicine at the Universidad Central de Madrid, where he also took courses in philosophy and literature. It was in Madrid that he began writing Noli Me Tangere. He also attended classes in the University of Paris and, in 1887, he completed his eye specialization course at the University of Heidelberg. It was also in that year that Rizal’s first novel was published in Berlin.

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