Budgeting (or profit planning) is a process or technique with broad applications in the management of a business, school or government agency. The rules apply to not-for-profits, as well. The process involves the formation of definite and specific plans or budgets for a limited future period, usually the ensuing fiscal or calendar year. These plans, which take into account all phases of the budgeted operations, are given expression in financial terms. They also become standards against which to measure and evaluate actual performance as the period progresses. Budgeting is, therefore, not only a short term planning and coordinating process, but is also a means of exerting management control over budgeted operations. Budgeting becomes a management process rather than a financial one.
I agree the statement "Budgeting is a key component in management short and long term planning.". A budget is a financial plan and a list of all planned expenses and revenues. It is a plan for saving, borrowing and spending. It means budget is very particular plan for a company so that a company can actually know about the financial problem. In business, budgets help you determine how much money you have and how you will use it, and help you decide whether you have enough money to achieve your financial goals. As part of a business plan, a budget can help convince a loan officer that you know your business and have anticipated its needs.
Budget is not like target. Target can leading a company to know what they actually needs to do. But budget can help a company to do it right. It can help a company on financial and strategy. A company's budget is a bit more involved. Most companies will start with a master, or static, budget. A static budget is a budget with numbers based on planned outputs and inputs for each of the firm's divisions. It's the first part of budgeting, which determines how