Topics: Minoan civilization, Knossos, Civilization Pages: 5 (1731 words) Published: October 12, 2013
Bucket Manyweather
Ancient History
Professor Kaatz
1,686 Words
Bucommequalia[Buc•cǜm•ǝqual•lee•uh]: The Forgotten City-State Bucommequalia is an ancient civilization, city-state based near what is now modern-day west Crete that flourished between 1400 BC and 1159 BC and is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea1. This essay will explore the foundation of this civilization up until the Minoan take over around 1155 BC. This civilization contains considerable conjecture due to influences of other civilizations near the era.

After an existential amount of excavation, archeologists and historians have gathered that the Bucommequalians were farming olives, bananas, and oranges during this era. Due to the tropical weather, Bucommequalia was one of the only cities to buy and trade the crops. Bucommequalia had no monetary system and bartered based on the weight of the product, season, supply, and demand, much like some of the early Romans 2. Farmers had the duty of coming up with a standardized value for every object, including goods that did not come from cultivation. For example, if the city were exhausting the material for gardening tools, the price of a bundle of fruit may be either the material to create the tools or the tool its self. This process was important when trading with other city-states, which Bucommequalia organized foreign trade often, as most civilizations were doing in this era. All inventory and transactions were documented in trade buildings on Bucommequalia’s coast. Iron was important to Bucommequalia and many of the citizens dedicated their lives to extracting it from the land. Around this period, iron was the staple for every “modernized” civilization in which tools, weaponry, equipment, and other objects would be prepared from. Iron would normally cost about three times its actual weight per parcel due to its popularity. From trade, Bucommequalia was determined to be a prosperous city. The Bucommequalian monarchy, however, only earned one percent of all of the profit. All other revenue was returned to the city, to be divided among the workers who harvested the products that were vended. Bucommequalia law was written by the first generation of residents and ruler, similar to Roman law of the twelve tablets34. It states that the government is allowed three percent of profit, and must be ordained by people. Rulers were to live a simple life with no extravagant riches. They were to distribute the revenue as it was earned. Contrary to their title, Rulers acted as role models that reflected what it meant to be a “respectable person”. Most of the city-state cherished Rulers for their strict beliefs in being as humanly virtuous as possible. Rulers had absolute authority, but were instilled as apprentice-rulers their authority should only be used for the benefit of the city. In the event of a Ruler breaking a law, the Ruler would be exiled to another land by ship. When one ruler died, the youngest next of kin took over after undergoing training. Historians believe that the government, more than religion, became the pillar of Bucommequalia. The monarchy system thrived until the downfall of the entire civilization.

Religion in Bucommequalia varied considerably; there was no one set religion5. Since the city was a melting pot of the whole island including some Minoan, and other overseas refugees, there were many diverse religions like the Roman Dura Europos6. Some of them blended together. The main religion practiced involved many deities and stemmed from the belief in the Greek gods that were considered to be the most essential. The second most popular religion was a combination of Bucommequalia etiquette, which the Rulers practiced, and the idolization of one god. All other religions practiced were purely dependent on an individual, or sometimes a group of advocates. Bucommequalians believed in a form of decolonization from the Minoan civilization. This meant they were unhindered by mandatory customs set...

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