Foundations of Human Services Worksheet
Answer, in a 50- to 100-word response, each of the following questions:
1. Identify the four themes of human services.
The four themes of human services consist of problems in living, the increase of problems in our modern world, self-sufficiency and the final theme being social care, social control and rehabilitation. The four themes focus on helping people with issues such as ensuring social needs are being met and providing opportunities to support themselves and fulfill their basic necessities.
2. Identify professional disciplines that influence human services.
The professional disciplines that influence human services are sociology, psychology and anthropology, but one can keep in mind that they are not the only ones that may apply to the world of human services. Some careers to consider under the umbrella of those disciplines are working in a nursing home, mental health facilitator, and working in a social welfare program. Other more specific disciplines are in counseling, education psychology and rehabilitation.
3. How have societal viewpoints concerning mental illness or health influenced human services over the past three centuries?
Society has come such a long way in regards to the attention we now give to issues of mental illness and mental health. It was not long ago that mentally ill individuals were punished for thinking or acting out of the norm. Differences such as homosexuality were considered disorders and people were subjected to cruel forms of “therapy.” They believed they were helping the mentally ill by performing electroshock therapy or lobotomies but it was simply a lack of understanding how the brain functions. Now, instead of punishing and berating someone for their mental health, society seeks to find them help, examine the origin and to properly guide them in the right direction.
4. How have societal viewpoints concerning child welfare influenced human services over the past three centuries?
Over the course of 300 years, society has had the opportunity to evaluate children and their roles in the world much closer than in the past. People now acknowledge that a crucial part of an individual’s life is in their childhood because that is a time frame in which they are most “sponge-like” and can be easily influenced. So, a higher value and appreciation has been placed on the delicate state of children during their developing stags. Child welfare is so valuable because they will be the ones to represent their generation further down the line, and with success, they will become contributing members of society.
5. How have societal viewpoints concerning incarceration and probation influenced human services over the past three centuries?
When forms of incarceration, policing and control over communities first emerged with the intentions of maintaining order, it was not an immediate success. Society had decided that in a community everyone was responsible for creating a just environment and would take it upon themselves to decide how someone should be punished without any truly effective rules or guidelines. In present day, we have many different roles being fulfilled that contribute to the ebb and flow of the justice system. Another major shift in the perception of incarcerated individuals can be seen in the way prisoners are treated presently. Prisons have not always been as substantial as we know them to be because it was difficult to see a criminal as someone who could ever really contribute to a community. When they would be let out, they would unfortunately come right back to prison because they were unaware of how to function in society or they lacked the proper skills to make something of themselves. Human services professionals recognized what may be lacking in prisons and determined what guidelines, tools and facilities may best suit someone serving time. Instead of serving without any hope for the future, inmates can follow through with their education and build life skills that will serve them in the world whereas these amenities were not at their disposal before.
6. Explain how political and legislative changes have affected client care.
Political and legislative changes have affected client care in that many healthy care givers are limited in what they can do for a patient because of laws that they have to follow. Political changes have affected the care a client is eligible to receive as well because health benefits are insurance are not readily available or easily attained. Many programs have come and gone and many debates have occurred over the topic of health care but it does not seem to be progressing in a positive direction. Citizens suffer because they lack the financial stability to get care due to laws set in place.