BSHS 325 Week 4 Assignment Later Adulthood Development Report

Topics: Social work, Sociology, Policy analysis Pages: 6 (861 words) Published: June 29, 2015

Charles Anderson
BSHS 325
Professor Lee
Macro Systems Paper
March 9,2015

Getting older can bring new challenges to life. Challenges that most will never fully understand until personally experienced. What we once were able to do gracefully now nrequires assistanvce. Independence is gradually being removed and sometime taken. Acceptance can be extremely difficult to a person who feels there is more left in their tank. Although retirement is enevitable, and exciting and productive life can still be lived if properly planned and resources are used effectively.

Macro System and Human Service Professional

The concept of personal empowerment comes within you. Its self-reliance and making your own decisions, following responsibilities. You understand and know where you are headed. It’s coming to the realization that something must change. An example of personal empowerment is a wife leaving her abusive husband because she is tired of getting hit. She has come to the realization that something must be changed. Interpersonal empowerment is one or more persons getting together to make decisions or follow through with a plan. Political empowerment is the government working to help the community and promoting political participation.

Social work is divided into three categories: macro, mezzo and micro. These three levels of practice at times overlap and influence each other. The practice of Macro social work is the effort to help clients by intervening in large systems. Macro practice empowers clients by involving them in systemic change. An Example includes changing a health care law. Mezzo social work practice deals with small to medium sized groups such as neighborhoods, schools, and other local organizations. An example would be community organizing. Micro practice is the third and most common type of social work. This is the type of service most people imagine social workers doing. In macro social work the social worker works with individuals and families to solve problems. Examples would be helping individuals find housing, jobs, healthcare and social services (Macro, mezzo, and micro social work, 2012). Functionalist view every in society as having a function. If it is part of society then it must have a function. This is also true for poverty. According to functionalist poverty has two main functions. First it acts as a motivator because its viewed as a warning. People would likely want to work harder and succeed. We all have seen poverty and this is a constant reminder to work hard so we don’t end up like that. Secondly poverty acts as a “feel good factor”. It is a way of measuring how well we are doing and to work harder. When you see people in poverty you know you are doing well, and u could be worse off (perspectives on poverty, 2010). Interactionist view poverty as shared expectations. The poor are judged negatively by influential groups. So they start to believe what is being said and they settle. They don’t try to improve their living or achieve success. They believe that poverty is not a cause of economic depression, but involves the person’s self-concept. To solve the poverty problems Interactionist believe that the stigma associated with poverty be eliminated. This will cause positive changes to occur.

The human service worker plays a large part in the macro environment. The social worker will often be engaged in policy practice because policy changes happen very often in communities and organizations. These services workers have varies roles such as planner, policy analyst, program coordinator, community organizer, manager, and administrator. The social worker also has responsibilities that deal with change in communities and organizations. They must identify the systems in need of change and the type of change needed. These changes may lead to community intervention, or intervention in a single organization....

References: Macro, mezzo, and micro social work. 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2012 from
Perspectives on Poverty. 2010. Retrieved November 18, 2012 from
Macro practice in social work. 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2012 from
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