TECHNIQUES USED IN BRUCE DAWES POEMS
Alliteration: Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words placed near each other.
Onomatopoeia: Words that sound like their meanings.
Repetition: The purposeful re-use of words and phrases for an effect.
Rhyme: Words that have different beginning sounds but whose endings sound alike, including the final vowel sound and everything following it, are said to rhyme.
Analogy: A comparison, usually something unfamiliar with something familiar.
Apostrophe: Speaking directly to a real or imagined listener or inanimate object; addressing that person or thing by name.
Contrast: Closely arranged things with strikingly different characteristics.
Hyperbole: An outrageous exaggeration used for effect.
Irony: A contradictory statement or situation to reveal a reality different from what appears to be true.
Metaphor: A direct comparison between two unlike things, stating that one is the other or does the action of the other.
Oxymoron: A combination of two words that appear to contradict each other.
Paradox: A statement in which a seeming contradiction may reveal an unexpected truth.
Personification: Attributing human characteristics to an inanimate object, animal, or abstract idea.
Pun: Word play in which words with totally different meanings have similar or identical sounds.
Simile: A direct comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as.”
Symbol: An ordinary object, event, animal, or person to which we have attached extraordinary meaning and significance.
Rhetorical Question: A question solely for effect, which does not require an answer. THEMES USED IN BRUCE DAWE'S POEMS
· The poem is an example of a sergeant dressing down a squad of recently enlisted recruits, likely for the air force of an Asian Campaign (references to “mob of little yellows”, “a pack of Charlie’s” and “their rotten fish-sauce breath” suggest Vietnam War a distinctive brand of in-built war propaganda
· The theme in weapons training is war. War is bought out in this poem by the drill sergeant trying to pump up he’s platoon and get them ready for their stint in Vietnam.
· There is also other themes in the poem that is anger and sadness they are shown through the drill Sargent yelling at his troops calling them rude names. And sadness how the people fill about having to go away.
· The poet through the persona of a drill Sergeant (martinet) is inculcating the philosophy that it pays to learn to kill the enemy before he gets a chance to kill you.
· Dawe is also suggesting that the all aspects of War are degrading, brutalizing and dehumanizing. While the language of the sergeant may be acceptable on the parade ground, it would be rejected by civilized society hearing it in their home surroundings or in respectable school classrooms.
· Some critics claim that the persona is voicing his own fears of the men, his sexual inadequacy and his own vulnerability and mortality.
· The poem illustrates the futility of most of the parade ground exercises, which are not relevant to actual fighting especially to the air force pilots.
· Propaganda the army’s first task is to turn normal civilized empathetic youth into hardened ruthless killing machines. This can be achieved by a cold heartless and contemptuous drill sergeant’s belittling, degrading and brutalizing young recruits and dehumanizing or depersonalizing the enemy, depicting them as sub human savages. Examples of this are Full Metal Jacket, Bruce Dawe’s Weapons Training or Henry V’s speech to his troops before the Battle of Agincourt. In 1914, WWI, German soldiers, Huns, were portrayed bayoneting Belgian babies. THEMES USED IN BRUCE DAWE'S POEMS
Brevity of happiness; the transience of life, nothing gold can stay Uncertainty in life of the drifter; “One day soon..” aimlessness, shiftless, feckless. Unpacked bottling set. Unfulfilled...
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