Topics: Public transport, Bus, Bus rapid transit Pages: 14 (4856 words) Published: April 5, 2013

MADHURI JAIN Research Scholar Faculty of Science D.E.I, Dayalbagh. Agra India

ARTI SAXENA Women’s Polytechnique Dayalbagh, Agra India

PREETVANTI SINGH Faculty of Science D.E.I, Dayalbagh, Agra India

P.K. SAXENA Faculty of Engg. D.E.I, Dayalbagh, Agra India

Corresponding Author Madhuri Jain 71, Yamuna Vihar Phase II Karamyogi Enclave Kamlanagar Agra 282005

Urban transport is a n ightmare in India though most urban residents take it as a fait accompli. Indian cities, of all sizes, face a crisis of urban transport. Despite investments in road infrastructure, and plans for land use and transport development, all cities face the ever increasing problems of congestion, traffic accidents, air, and noise pollution. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is growing in popularity throughout the world. The reasons is its passenger and developer attractiveness, its high performance and quality, and its ability to be built quickly, incrementally, and economically. BRT also provides sufficient transport capacity to meet demands even in the largest metropolitan regions. This paper summarizes key trends transport system and travel behavior of India , and the issues to be considered for the development of BRTS to mitigate Indian transportation crisis. Keywords: Transportation system, Transportation Problems, BRTS

Introduction India is the 2nd largest country in the world, measured by population and arable land and is expected to become the 3rd largest economy in the world by 2025, just behind US and China. In terms of growth it is the second fastest growing major economy in the world. Transportation in India is a large and varied sector of the economy. The share of Indian transportation investments in total public investment declined during the period from the early 1950s to the early 1980s; real public transportation investment also declined during much of that period because of the need for funds in the rest of the economy. Zhang et al [10] developed a modal split model maximizing spatial welfare and constrained by travel money budget and time budget. This approach was different from the general econometric -based approach used in most existing macro transport studies and deal with the cost and speed of transport modes as important variables explicitly. Patnaik et al [6] developed a set of regression models that estimated arrival times for buses traveling between two points along a route. The data applied for developing the proposed model were collected by Automatic Passenger Counters installed on buses operated by a transit agency in the northeast region of the United States. Baltes [2] presented a statistical analysis of the data from two on-board customer surveys conducted in 2001 of the BRT Systems in Miami and Orlando, Florida. Yedla and Shrestha [9] examined the impact of BRTS including various qualitative criteria for the selection of alternative transportation options in Delhi. Singh [8] provided a reliable data set of land-based passenger traffic volumes in India, estimated the long-term trends in motorized traffic volume and modal split and also estimated the level and growth of energy demand and CO2 emission from the passenger transport sector. Badami and Haider [1] explored the factors that contribute to and affect efforts to improve this situation, based on an analysis of the financial and operational performance of the public bus transit service in the four metropolitan centres and four secondary cities during the 1990s. Kathuria [3] investigate d whether the enactment of policy instruments and the efforts have led to commensurate fall in air pollution in Delhi. The analysis showed that the imposition had not resulted in concomitant improvement in ambient air quality. Rabl [7] presented a life cycle assessment comparing diesel buses with buses fueled by...

References: 1. Badami M.G. and Haider M., (2007), “An analysis of public bus transit performance in Indian cities, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 41(10), 961-981. 2. Baltes M.R., (2003), “The Importance Customers Place on Specific Service Elements of Bus Rapid Transit”, Journal of Public Transportation, 6(4), 1-19. 3. Kathuria V., (2002), “Vehicular pollution control in Delhi”, Transportation Research Part D, 7, 373– 387. 4. Mohan D. and Tiwari G., (1999), “Sustainable Transport Systems Linkages between Environmental Issues, Public Transport, Non-Motorized Transport and Safety”, Economic and Political Weekly, XXXIV (25), 1580-1596. 5. Mukherjee A.K., Bhattacharya S.K., Ahmed S., Roy S.K., Roychowdhury A. and Sen S., (2003), “Exposure of drivers and conductors to noise, heat, dust and volatile organic compounds in the state transport special buses of Kolkata city”, Transportation Research Part D, 8, 11–19. 6. Patnaik J., Chien S., and Bladikas A., (2004), “Estimation of Bus Arrival Times Using APC Data”, Journal of Public Transportation, 7(1), 1-20. 7. Rabl A., (2002), “Environmental benefits of natural gas for buses”, Transportation Research Part D, 7, 391–405. 8. Singh S.K., (2006), “Future mobility in India: Implications for energy demand and CO2 emission”, Transport Policy, 13(5), 398-412. 9. Yedla S. and Shrestha R.M., (2003), “Multi-criteria approach for the selection of alternative options for environmentally sustainable transport system in Delhi”, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 37(8), 717-729. 10. Zhang S., Jiang K. and Liu D., (2007), “Passenger transport modal split based on budgets and implication for energy consumption: Approach and application in China”, Energy Policy, 35(9), 4434-4443.
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