Brown v Board of Education is a historical landmark case that dismantled segregation laws and established a great milestone in the movement toward true equality. The Supreme Courts unanimously decided on Brown v. Board of Education that "separate but equal is inherently unequal." Ruling that no state had the power to pass a law that deprived anyone from his or her 14th amendment rights. For my historical analysis I will use Richard Kluger’s “Simple Justice”, in which he argues, “that the Declaration of Independence was marred by hypocrisy—all men were not equal if black”. His book will assist me in learning the policies that lead to and surrounded this case. Using interviews I conducted, where I questioned inner city high school students of their schooling experience in comparison to my brother who attends a predominately white privileged private school, I will ultimately uncover the many inequalities that still exist today. While researching I interviewed my great-Aunt Bertha, who grew up in the state of Mississippi, she had a first-hand experience of life before Brown v Board of Education and life after the Supreme Court ruled on the case, her life was changed forever. My research will focus on not only a historical analysis of what occurred, but how far America has claimed to truly come in dealings with race relations, and the inequalities that still exist today.
The American Civil War was fought from 1861 to 1865 between the United States also known as the “Union” and the few southern states that announced their separation from the United States known as the “Confederates”. The war was based mainly on differing opinions on the issue of slavery. The war lasted about four years and the results yielded in the Confederacy being defeated by the Union. Upon defeating the Confederates, the Union abolished slavery. From that moment on the process of rebuilding the Union as a strong united nation began. This Union was to guarantee
Bibliography: Kluger, Richard. Simple Justice: The History of Brown v. Board of Education and Black America 's Struggle for Equality. New York: Vintage, 2004. Print. "Mississippi Schools Still Segregated Despite Court Order." Breaking News for Black America RSS. NewsOne Staff, 4 May 2011. Web. 18 Dec. 2012. Miller, J (2012, 5 October) Personal Interview Moore, B (2012 15, October) Telephone Interview -------------------------------------------- [ 1 ]. This was a progressive act which allowed for higher education of to be obtained for all citizens. It was intended to provide colleges for people, and was sponsored by a Senator in Vermont named Justin Morill. He was a Republican and established this act to fund for not only higher education but for public schools as well. [ 2 ]. See Richard Kulger “Simple Justice” page 18. Kulger does a historical review of what the Claredon County black children had to experience. Thurgood Marshall was an advocate for black rights and explaining what African Americans will demand of the Supreme Court in the battle for equal justice. [ 3 ]. Thurgood Marshall worked for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. He was also a leading advocate for equality on levels. Not just in the workplace, but in schools. [ 4 ]. An online New article published in 2011, discusses how although segregation is over, many schools by choice are segregated.