Brown vs. the Board of Education
In September 1950, Oliver Brown took his daughter, Linda Brown, by hand strait into an all-white Sumner school in Topeka Kansas. This action defied state & local segregation rules. After being denied by the school, Brown took his case to the national Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or the NAACP. Soon afterwards, the Brown vs. Board of Education case was born. Brown v. Board of Education is a civil rights case that involves constitutional interpretation by the Supreme Court. This event started the path towards integration. It was a major victory for the civil rights movement. Brown v. Board of Education shows that one person can really make a difference.
In 1896 the case of Plessy v. Ferguson was brought to the Supreme Court. This notorious case was the basis of the “separate but equal ” rule. The “separate but equal” rule states that all public spaces could be segregated by race as long as they remained equal. An example of this was when a colored man, Herman Sweatt, wanted to go to law school at the University of Texas. The school responded by establishing a separate law school for blacks, which certainly was not equal. Fast-forward about 50 years, when Thurgood Marshall brought the Brown v. Board of Education case to the Supreme Court. His basis was that the “separate but equal” rule violated the 14th amendment, and that segregation was detrimental to the education of colored people. The Supreme Court reevaluated the 14th amendment and reinterpreted it. On May 17, 1954, Chief Justice Earl Warren read the results. The Supreme Court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson, and stated that there is no way that an establishment can be both “separate” and “equal”. After Brown’s victory there were fundamental changes made to the framework of the constitution. For one, race was not a basis of discrimination in law, and two the government now had the power to interfere with policies against discrimination in public...
Cited: 1. Lowi, Theodore J., Benjamin Ginsberg, and Kenneth A. Shepsle. American Government:
Power and Purpose. New York [u.a.: Norton, 2012. Print.
2. “Brown v. Board of Education” – produced by Lawrence Levy and Lisa Levy Stromer;
directed by Lawrence Levy; screenplay by Michael Halperin. Northbrook, Ill.:
Learning Corporation of America, distributed by Coronet/’Mt1Film&Video 1991
Please join StudyMode to read the full document