Brothers of the Bible
The Old Testament sibling rivalries between Cain and Abel, Esau and Jacob, and Joseph and his brothers were similar in some ways and different in others, but they all hold lessons for us today, for brothers today still face many of the same problems in life that challenged brothers thousands of years ago. Cain and Abel were in a situation much more unique than Esau and Jacob, and Joseph and his brothers faced, for the society they lived in was extremely small, and they each had a direct relationship with God. As the book of Genesis tells us, Cain was the first born son of Adam and Eve. Their next son was a boy whom they named Abel. As Cain and Abel grew up both took responsibilities for making a living. Abel took care of the sheep and Cain became a farmer. (Genesis 4:7) Both brothers in the space of time began to offer sacrifices unto God. Cain, being a farmer, offered the produce of his fields, and Abel offered the first-born sheep with its fat. God had respect for the offering of Abel but rejected the offering of Cain. It thus comes as something of a surprise that God accepts Abel's offering but not Cain's. Two puzzles emerge: (1) We are not told how Cain discovered that neither he nor his offering was accepted. Given God's way of responding in the story, Cain may have told directly. (2) No rationale is given, hence God's action appears arbitrary (Abingdon, 373). The biblical text gives no explicit reason for God's preference for Abel's offering. This has given rise to speculation. (Doubleday) And envious of his brother so angered Cain that he killed him. Cain's response the downcast face reveals more the idea of dejection, feelings associated with rejection, than anger. Cain must care about what God thinks of him and his sacrifice. But the basic issue becomes not that Cain acts in a dejected fashion, but how he responds to God's interaction with him about his dejection. That God responds at all...
Bibliography: Abingdon. The New interpreter 's Bible, Volume 1. Nashville, TN: Abingdon Press, 1994.
Chait, Israel. "Joseph and His Brothers." Online. Available: http://www.mesora.org/_private/mesora.html. 20 June 2001.
Doubleday. The Anchor Bible Dictionary, Volume 1. New York: Doubleday Dell Pulbishing group, 1992.
Smith, Dictionary of the Bible. London, 1893.
The Holy Bible. New York: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1983.
White, Ellen G. Patriarchs and Prophets. Washington D.C.: Review and Herald Publishing Association, 1958.
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