Urie Bronfenbrenner is most famous for his views on ecological psychology. Some argue that he is one of the most well known psychologists of his time. In his eighties when he died, he had an extremely long and productive career. Having read a lot of history on this psychologist I would have to agree that interactions with others and the environment are key to development. These theories acknowledge the interaction of biology and environment. They also emphasize the important impact that cultures can have on the development of the individual. We all experience more than one type of environment, including §
The microsystem - such as a family, classroom, etc is the immediate environment in which a person is operating. §
The mesosystem - which is two microsystems interacting, such as the connection between a child’s home and school. §
The exosystem - which is an environment in which an individual is not involved, which is external to his or her experience, but nonetheless affects him or her anyway. For example, if the parent has a bad day at work, or is laid off, or promoted, or has to work overtime, all of these events impact the child. And finally,
The macrosystem - or the larger cultural context (Bronfenbrenner, U. 1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA). Throughout my life and in my home my parents, grandparents and great grandparents were all educated and there was no question whether or not education would be the next step. With this background as Bronfenbrenner says, two microsystems are interacting, such as the connection between a child’s home and school (Bronfenbrenner, U. 1979). It was inevitable that I went to college and graduate, it was even more important to further my education as much as I saw fit. The sky is the limit and we were taught that only we as individuals could hold ourselves back. There was no pointing the blame at others and we knew that if we failed that we had to take ownership and accountability for...
References: Crandell, Crandell, & Vander Zanden, J.W. (2009) Human Development (9th ed.) Boston: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press
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