Bronfenbrenner Analysis

Topics: Developmental psychology, Ecological Systems Theory, Urie Bronfenbrenner Pages: 3 (1177 words) Published: February 17, 2009
Bronfenbrenner Analysis Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Urie Bronfenbrenner is today credited and known in the psychology development field for the development of the ecological systems theory constructed to offer an explanation of the way everything in a child and their environment affects the whole child development. Bronfenbrenner ecological theory has levels or aspects of the environment containing roles, norms, and rules defining child development namely the microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosytem, the macrosystem and the chronosystem. The subsequent discussion offers an analysis of these levels and their influence to child development, and then offers a personal analysis of the influence of the ecological theory in decision making. The theory offers an approach that acknowledges the importance of the child’s environment during growth, with the interaction factors between the child and their environment fueling and steering the development (Slee 69). The four levels begin with the child and their immediate environment then move on to their interaction and larger environment, meaning the immediate and the outside are important in the development of a child. The first level is the microsystem, which contains the small and immediate environment that the child is in contact with or lives in, and the relationships or interactions with the direct environment (Belgrave & Allison 239). Bronfenbrenner envisioned the immediate environment to have structures such as family, school, neighborhood, peer group, and childcare. The interaction of these structures with the child affects their growth, whereby an encouraging and nurturing environment enhances better growth while a strenuous environment negatively affects growth. Within the immediate environment the child also plays a significant part where their interactions with others in the systems determine their reactions to the child (Oswalt). For example, a child’s projected temperament or personal traits...
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