India is one of the few countries that has broken from the European empire and been fairly constant economically and politically. The British first became involved in 1612 with the East India Trading Company (Mill 18). India was a colony of Britain until India gained independence from the British rule in the late 1940’s. Britain wanted to rule India mainly for their goods they produced like silk, indigo, tea and coffee. India was the largest and most important colony for the British and the British left many legacies in India that have helped form the type of country they are today (Cohn 3). Three of the most important legacies of colonization left in India were the creation of a modern economy, extended the education system to include universities and colleges of higher learning and the formation of a national language.
British colonization of India brought about a whole new way of life. Pre-colonization, Indian lifestyle was mainly an agricultural economy where the people lived in villages. India was economically stable and the city-states were well planned and thought out. Their economy was flourishing and the people of India were extremely self-contained until the British stepped in and decided to take over (Mill 3). The people of India had established their own trading system and bartering system until the British got involved. Once the British got involved they established a conventional economy in India including railways, roads, and factories while also creating a constant currency. The British introduced new and distinctive ways to communicate with each other, which also affected the trading system. This trading system, British East India Company, became so huge that the government decided to step in and take control, which is when India became a colony of Britain. India became the hotspot for trade that is a main reason why India was one of Britain’s most “powerful”...
Cited: Cohn, Bernard S. Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 1996. Print.
Mill, James, and William Thomas. The History of British India. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1975. Print.
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