British Imperialism in India and Sub-Saharan Africa Between 1750 and 1914

Topics: Colonialism, British Empire, East India Company Pages: 2 (661 words) Published: January 6, 2014
During the 1800s and early 1900s, a wave of imperialism swept over Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. The Western nations, pursuing new raw materials, established control, and became very powerful. The non-Western world obtained many benefits, such as industrialization and public education. While imperialism proved beneficial, it also resulted in warfare, racism, economic discrimination, and slavery. Both India and sub-Saharan Africa were affected by European imperialism. Between 1750 and 1914, European imperialism in India and sub-Saharan Africa created a similar effect of poor treatment of natives, such as a decrease in jobs and economic instability. In contrast, India was influenced mainly by Britain, whereas multiple European countries, including Britain, France, Italy, Germany, Belgium, and Portugal, were involved with sub-Saharan Africa. Due to European imperialism, the treatment of the natives of India and sub-Saharan Africa was very poor and derelict, particularly among women and citizens of lower classes. In India, Britain, the predominant administration amongst the Western countries, negatively affected the population in several ways. Instead of aiding the Indian economy, all profits from Indian raw materials were delivered to Britain. Textile mills that were built by the British decreased the need for local textile businesses, which were often run by women. Furthermore, British tax laws declared that local authorizes could confiscate unpaid land from peasants. Because of British colonial rule, India’s economy suffered, which caused misfortunes for the population. In comparison, the consequences of European imperialism in sub-Saharan Africa also caused problems among the population. For example, African families were forced to split up; men worked in mines and on plantations, while women and children stayed in villages to grow food for survival. Distance between husbands and wives for long periods of time led to an increase in prostitution and the...
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