Bringing the War Home
A paper on domestic violence in military violence.
Criminology 333 - Sociology of Gender Violence
*subtitles are in red in support of red Fridays of bring our troops home.
In the military men and women (but for the purposes of this paper I will be referring mostly to men for the majority of our people in the armed forces are males) are trained to kill or be killed. They are trained with this knowledge to use on the battlefield. What researchers are finding more and more are soldiers are bringing these skills home. Along with a mixture of mental illnesses that are going untreated and undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. So why is that men who are willing to lay down their lives for complete strangers are going home to hurt the ones they love the most? And why is that in our society that asks “why women just don’t leave” even more so military wives are taught that’s it’s even more honorable to stay. When in fact there is nothing honorable, loving, or patriotic about taking a beating at the hands of your husband. Who swore an oath to serve and protect this country and to honor and cherish you. We have a duty as a nation to support our troops and to help them but are we neglecting their families?
The main points of this paper are to discuss how domestic violence in the military is more prevalent and different than in civilian populations, to discuss the theories of why it is more prevalent in military populations, and what we as a nation are doing to help our soldiers and their families to stop the war in our own homes. Overview
“National estimates indicate that approximately 1.5 million women and 835,000 men in the United States are physically assaulted or raped by intimated partners. DODs clinical database indicates that 8,223 reported incidents were determined to meet the criteria for domestic abuse in fiscal year 2009.” (DOD's Efforts to Prevent and Treat Domestic Abuse, 2010) Men in the military are more likely to commit domestic violence. They have more training and more pressure and are surrounded by the culture of violence. Military families are two to five times more likely to experience domestic violence. (Breed, 2002) And military wives have more reasons not to report cases of domestic violence because they are taught to do everything for their husbands, they give up their lives for their husbands career, they often times do not have their own careers so they have no income, they move where they move, they live on base away from their family and friends so they have no support system. DOD defines domestic abuse as: “domestic violence or a pattern of behavior resulting in emotional/psychological abuse, economic control and/or interference with personal liberty that is directed toward a person of the opposite sex who is a current/former spouse, who you share a child in common with, a current/former intimate partner with whom you have shared a home with.” (DOD's Efforts to Prevent and Treat Domestic Abuse, 2010) The military also defines certain domestic violence acts differently. The civilian act of strangulation is very dangerous and taken very seriously, even sometimes can be treated as attempted murder. The DOD defines strangulation as mild or moderate abuse as of 2003. The fact that the definitions are so different and taken on basically opposite ends shows that the military has a different view of violence because of what it has seen humanity do to each other. (Martinez, 2002) The fact is that the military is a whole other world. There are different rules, different rewards, different punishments, different experiences. Risk Factors
The DOD asked participants usually wives of soldiers of risks factors that may lead to domestic violence. Return after a deployment was the most frequent factor next was preparing for deployment and the financial problems that may create. Third was financial problems in general...
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