Top-Rated Free Essay

Brief summary of the history of Islam

Better Essays
Nellie Arroyo
Professor Brian Ellis-Gibbs
Summary of Islam February 13th 2015

Islam, began in Mecca, claimed to be the revelation of God (Allah) through the angel Gabriel to a man named Muhammad. Muhammad was born around AS 570-571, He was born to the powerful tribe of Quraish in Mekkah (Mecca). His father’s name was Adullah. His mother’s name was Aminah.
Islam has a world following in access of one billion followers, 20% are from the Middle East, with one of the largest concentration of Muslims in Indonesia. There are over 4 million Muslims living in America. There has been an active Muslim contingent in North America for over 300 y ears, since the time the religion arrived with West African slaves.

Islam is an Arabic terms which literally means “surrender,” or submission.” Believers of Islam (known as Muslims from the active participant of Islam. Muslims accepts surrender to the will of Allah (the Arabic word for God). Allah is viewed as God the creator, sustainer, and the restorer of the world. The will of god, to which man is to submit, is made known through the Qur’an (the Koran), revealed to his messenger Muhammad. Muhammad was one of many great prophets which included Adam, Noah, Moses, Jesus and some the others. The basic beliefs of Islam is expressed in the shahadah, the Muslim confession of faith,” there is no god but God; Muhammad is the prophet of God.”
The holy Quran is the Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic. The Koran consists of 114 units of varying lengths, known as suras; the first sura is said as part of the ritual prayer. These touch upon all aspects of human existence, including matters of doctrine, social organization, and legislation. The Quran is the last and Final Word of God Almighty and a message to all mankind. It is a collection of 114 chapter or surahs that were revealed to Prophet Muhammad.

The five Pillars of Islam are to frame work of Muslim life. They are the testimony of faith, prayer, giving zakat (support of the needy), fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the pilgrimage to Makkah (Mecca) once in a lifetime for those who are able to.
Declaration of faith is called the Shadaha is the first pillar of and most important of the five pillars of Islam. “There is none worthy of worship except God (Allah) and Muhammad (pbuh) is the messenger of God”. The Shahadah, a simple formula that all the faithful pronounce. The significance of the declaration is the belief that only purpose of life is to serve and obey God, and this is achieved through the teachings and practices of the last Prophet, Muhammad.
Obligatory prayer are prayers that are performed five times a day, and are direct link between the worshipper and God. There is no hierarchical authority in Islam and there are no priests. Prayers are led by a learned person who knows the Quran and is generally chosen by congregation.
Prayers are at dawn, mid-day, late-afternoon, sunset and nightfall, and thus determine the rhythm of the entire day. The five prescribed prayers contain verse from the Quran, and are said to be in Arabic, the language of the Revelation. Muslim may pray almost anywhere, such as in fields, offices, factories and universities.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar. Every day during this month, Muslims all over the world abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs during the daylight hours. This time is also purify the soul, refocus attention on God, and practice self-sacrifice, Ramadan is much more than just not eating and drinking.
At this time it’s gives the opportunity to strengthen ties with family and friends, do away with bad habits. Every part of the body must be restrain themselves from looking at unlawful things. The hand must not touch or take anything that does not belong to it. The ears must refrain from listening negative talk. The feet must refrain from going to sinful places. Ramadan is a time to practice self-restraint as for it’s a tie to cleanse the body and soul from impurities and re-focus one’s on worship of God. Being a Muslim to me means paying serious heed to the Qur'anic teaching that Allah, universal creator and sustainer, who cares for all and sends guidance to all, has decreed diversity for a reason. Carrying forward a holy sacred messages that is conditioned into everyday lifestyle. It one the most peaceful religions that I have read and learned about. My perception will never change.
Compulsory giving an important principle of Islam. Everything belongs to God, and that wealth is therefore held by human begins in trust. The word zahah means “purification” and “growth”. Each Muslim calculates his or her own obligatory charity individually. This also involves the annual payment of 2.5% of one’s capital, excluding such items as primary residence, car and professional tools. An individual may also give as much he or she pleases as voluntary charity, and does preferably in secret. Such charity is not limited to financial giving.
Fasting the month of Ramadan, all Muslims fast from dawn until sundown abstaining from food, drink and sexual relations with spouses. Those who are sick, elderly, or on a journey, and women who are menstruating, pregnant or nursing, are permitted to break the fast (and to observe prayers) from puberty. Although fasting I beneficial to health, it is mainly a method of self-purification and self-restraint. By cutting oneself from worldly comforts, even for a short time, a fasting person focuses on his or her purpose in life by constantly being aware of the presence of God.
Pilgrimage to mecca (Hajj) is an obligation only for those who are physically and financial able to do so Nevertheless, over two million people go to Mecca each year from every corner of the globe providing a unique opportunity for those of different nations to meet one another. The annual Haj begins in the twelfth month of the Islamic lunar year. Pilgrims wear special clothes; simple garments that strip away of class and culture, so that all stand equal before God.

Sources:
Experiencing the World’s Religions, Ch. 10 http://www.colostate.edu/Orgs/MSA/events/Ramadan.html https://newclassroom3.phoenix.edu/Classroom/#/contextid/OSIRIS:44750089/context/co/view/activityDetails/activity/cc3494e5-61fc-484b-ae22-12933547177b/expanded/False http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/ramadan http://islam.about.com/od/ramadan/f/ramadanintro.htm www.institutealislam.com/what-is-the-holy-quran/ http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/muslims/themes/beliefs.html

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    Brief Summary of Islam

    • 854 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Islam began in the 6th century on the belief that Muhammad, a highly respected businessman in Mecca, had received revelations from God in both Mecca and Medina. This religion began to grow when one of the first disciples, a twenty-two year old named Zayd, collected and edited Muhammad’s writings of his revelations and published them in one book, known as the Qur’an. The central beliefs of Islam, and the central acts of Muslim worship, can be summarized in the Five Pillars of Islam: shahada (bearing…

    • 854 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Best Essays

    REVIEW-No16 final 6/15/05 10:40 AM Page 51 A Brief History of Money in Islam and Estimating the Value of Dirham and DÏn¥r M. Zarra Nezhad Abstract: Before the appearance of Islam, dÏn¥r and dirham were the currencies in use in the Byzantine and Iran empires, respectively. Both currencies were in use in preIslamic Arabia and continued to be so in the Islamic state. In 74 AH the Islamic dÏn¥r and dirham were minted. Estimating their value is a matter of considerable importance to those…

    • 5528 Words
    • 23 Pages
    Best Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    famous for being beyond complex, is a subject which cannot be explained with ease. Stephen Hawking, the most famous living scientist today, wrote A Brief History of Time in 1988, updated in 1996, in order to take upon this daunting task of explaining basic theoretical physics to a population who had previously barely studied any science. Within A Brief History of Time, Hawking touches upon seven topics in-depth while easily explaining them in a simple manner: our picture of the universe, space and time…

    • 1363 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    History of Islam

    • 1218 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Islam Out of the many interesting religions, Islam has uniqueness to it. The name, Islam stems from the word “Salam” that means peace. The word “Muslim” which means a follower of Islam refers to a person who submits him or herself to the will of God. Muhammad founded Islam in the year 622CE. This particular religion started when the angel Jibreel supposedly read the first revelation to Muhammad. The Muslims believe in the “one true God” which they call Allah. Islam is totally based on the word…

    • 1218 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History of Islam

    • 372 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Origin of Islam The origin of Islam first started by a prophet named Muhammad. Muhammad started preaching the Religion of Islam to his people when he was 40 years old. When he was young, he had earned the name “Al- Ameen” or the Trustworthy One from his people. Muhammed found Islam in the 7th century. Islam literally meant “surrender” or “submission”. This was the main reason why Muhammed found Islam because he wanted to surrender himself and Islam to the will of Allah, the creator and sustainer…

    • 372 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History of islam

    • 970 Words
    • 4 Pages

    First Aqabah Pledge . During the eleventh Islamic year, the six individuals who had come from Madina and converted to Islam in a place called Aqaba, promised our Holy Prophet (PBUH) that they would return the following year and meet at the same place. When it was time for the next hajj, which came a year after their first encounter with our Holy Prophet (PBUH), the six individuals set off in a caravan of twelve people towards Mecca. One night they met with our Holy Prophet (PBUH) in secret in the…

    • 970 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    History of Islam

    • 1920 Words
    • 8 Pages

    Islam is the second most practiced religion in the world with 1.5 billion followers worldwide. With six million people practicing Islam in America, it is one of the fastest growing religions in this country. However, since the September 11th terrorist attacks of 2001 the Islamic religion has been under much scrutiny publically in America. Many people who practice this religion have been subjected to discrimination as well as verbal and physical attacks by fellow Americans. However a high level…

    • 1920 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Russian History Russian history is filled with an immense amount of events. Many great and horrible rulers have also ruled over this piece of land. For example, Ivan the Terrible/Great was one of the first well-known and beloved tsars of Russia because he was the first to conquer the Mongolians in 1500. This feat earned him the rule and name as the great ruler of Russia. Over time, another great ruler such as Peter the Great would come. However in 1917, Lenin rose in the Russian revolution and…

    • 400 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    American life in the twentieth century has been characterized more by continuity than by change. Since the beginning of the republic Americans have defined progress by continuity. Settlers from all over the world came to America looking for the same thing—a new world. Although these newcomers had different ideas and their share of disagreement, for the most part, everyone wanted the same thing. Americans agreed that it was time for a government and it was time to stop immigration and develop…

    • 1508 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    A brief history

    • 4203 Words
    • 17 Pages

    A brief history of English literature This study guide is intended for GCE Advanced and Advanced Supplementary (A2 and AS) level students in the UK, who are taking exams or modules in English literature. It should be most useful right at the start of the course, or later as a resource for exercises in revision, and to help you reflect on value judgements in literary criticism. It may also be suitable for university students and the general reader who is interested in the history of literature. This…

    • 4203 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Powerful Essays