BRAVE NEW WORLD
This novel was written by Aldous Huxley in 1932.
It is a fable about a world state in the 7th century A.F. (after Ford), where social stability is based on a scientific caste system. Human beings, graded from highest intellectuals to lowest manual workers, hatched from incubators and brought up in communal nurseries, learn by methodical conditioning to accept they social destiny. The action of the story develops round Bernard Marx, and an unorthodox and therefore unhappy alpha- plus ( something had presumably gone wrong with his antenatal treatment), who vivits a new Mexican Reservetion and brings a savage back to London. The savage is at first fascinated by the New World, but finally revolted, and his argument with Mustafa Mond, world controller, demonstrate the incompability of individual freedom and a scientifically trouble- free society.
In Brave New World Revisted 1958, Huxley reconsiders his prophecies and fears that some of this might be coming true much sooner than he thought.
In Brave New World, he turned to the apologue. It was a descion that has profound consequences upon his novels and upon his critical reputation.
In a 1961 interview Huxley explained his conception of Brave New World. "The new forces of technology , pharmaceutics, and social conditioning can iron modern humans into a kind of uniformity, if you were able to manipulate their genetic background. if you had a government unscrupulous enough you could do these things without any doubt.we are getting more and more into a position where these things can be achieved. And it is extremely important to realize this, and to take every possible precaution to see they shall be not achieved". One of the novel´s chief rethorical strategies is to make all readers recognize what so few characters can comprehend : that preserving freedom and diversity is necessary to avoid suffering the repressions fostered by shallow ideas of progress.
Huxley makes his ironic stance clear from the beginning by contrasting the book´s title with the action of his first scene : counterpoint to the novel´s opening at the central London Hatchering and Conditioning Center, a factory that creates on a conveyor belt the citizens for the Brave New World. BNW is one more memorable and successful for its overall portrayal of a society that for its delination of plot or psychologically individualized characters. In this world the method of "Bokanouski budding" allows the creation of 96 persons from one sperm and owon. Different chasses exist- Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and so on- but their relations to each other and to society as awhole are stabilized by the painless technique of "sleep teaching" that demonstrates to each individual the manifest rightness of his or her place in the world.
Tall, witty, charismatic, conspicuosly handsome, a polymath, Aldous Huxley was an intellectual lighthouse for more than forty years. He wrote poetry ; drama ; screenplays ; journalism ; biography ; social, scientific and intellectual history ; he was a distinguished essayist, but above all else, he was a novelist. Judged early by critics and by a large popular audience as an original lamp of modern fiction, Huxley´s work is now best undestoos as a mirror that creatively distorts and reshapes two lines of the narrative tradition.
He was born in Godalming 1894,Surrey,and studied in Eton and Oxford University. He worked in various neewspaper and published four books of poems before appers his first published fictoin, Limbo (1920), which includes six stories and a brief play.In 1921 Huxley wrote his first novel, Crome Yellow. For the next 8 years Huxley published three novels. Each was followed by a collection of stories : Antic hay (1923), by Little Mexican (1924).The novel confirmed Huxley´s relationship with the postwae generation ; Those BarrenLeaves (1925) by Two or Three Graces (1926) ; (1930). and Point counter...
Bibliography: New York, 1986
Modern Writers, 1914-1945. Vol. 6.
Gale Research Inc
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