Dystopia in Aldous Huxley's Brave New Worl
It's hard to imagine yet somehow so extremely close to us is the possibility of a world of ideal perfection where there is no room or acceptance of individuality. Yet, as we strive towards the growth of technology and improvement of our daily living we come closer to closing the gap between the freedom of emotions, self understanding, and of speech and the devastation of a dystopia. A utopia, or perfect world, gone awry is displayed in Aldous Huxley's provocative novel Brave New World. Dystopia is drawn on "political and emotional events, anchoring its vision of a nightmarish future in contemporary fears of totalitarian ideology and
uncontrolled advances in technology and science" (Baker 22). It is the
situation that costs a piece of an unhealthy environment for human beings,
is the theme of the novel. The dystopian setting is brought about by
technology and by higher authorities. As technology increases, the use for
human beings in the work force decreases leaving an overwhelming amount of
depression among humans. Therefore, a way to continue the production of
technological findings is by bringing up humans from day one to accept
their unhappiness as normal. By "breeding" human beings to accept the fact
that they are born to do a specific group. Higher authorities know the
illimination of humans' emotions is useful to stabilize what they think to
be a utopian society. Huxley portrays a "perfect dystopia" where
scientists "breed people to order" in a specific class (Baker 2). The
purpose of this paper is to shows that Aldous Huxley clearly introduces a
river of cases and incidences, which adds to the dystopia in his science
fiction novel Brave New World.
Aldous Huxley was born on July 26, 1894 in England into a family of
novelists and scientists. Leonard Huxley, Aldous's father, was an essayist
and an editor who also was a respected, leading biologist in the time of
Darwinism. Both his brother and half-brother worked in the science field.
Huxley received an extensive training in both medicine and in the arts and
sciences. Huxley was described by V.S. Pritchett as "that rare being-the
prodigy, the educable young man, the peremial asker of unusual questions"
(Introduction to Aldous Huxley 1).
Huxley wrote a series of novels and essays as his career progressed.
Two of his best known novels are Brave New World and Island. These two
novels depict a world of dystopia. In Brave New World it's author "shifts
his mildly satiric observations of a limited group of people to a broader
and more ironic satire of a utopian society" (Introduction to Aldous Huxley
2). Island is novel of a Utopia which is constructed much in the same
principles as Brave New World. The difference between these two pieces of
writing is that Island is an approving form of Utopia while in Brave New
World we look at the Utopia as being a harmful way of life.
Huxley's works after these two novels were volumes of essays. In
his assays, topics expressed were ones that other authors hadn't truly
developed before the late 1930s, when Huxley began to write them. In the
essay called Brave New World Revisited that was written in 1950 Aldous
Huxley brings forward the issues he had begun to express in the novel in
which the essays' name had been derived from. Overpopulation, mind control,
and environmental destruction were the focuses in the novel. These topics
were looked upon by Aldous as problems. They were dilemmas that Huxley
"foretold" of the future. This essay is interesting because of the many
truths that have aroused since it was written such as the fact of
overpopulation. Huxley's life was cut short on November 22, 1963, a few
months after he wrote his last essay Literature and Science. He had spent
most of his life in...
Bibliography: New Jersey: Salem Press, 1983.
Twayne Publishers, 1990.
Extrapolation, Vol. III, No. 1, December, 1961, pp.33-40; excerpted and
republished in DIScovering Authors Modules [CD-ROM] (Detroit; Gale Research, 1996).
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