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Brave New World

Topics: Brave New World, The World State / Pages: 6 (1338 words) / Published: Jul 26th, 2010
Carol Liao(LISYC91)

Loss of Free Will and Personality in Brave New World The novel Brave New World written by Aldous Huxley is like no other in fantasy

or satire. It predicts a future overpowered by technology where the people have no

religion. With advanced technology and the genetic engineering, people live

flourishing, material lives in their society. This is a society with no love,

starvation ,disease, coldness, wars, crimes, and artistic creativity .As the World State’s

motto declares: “community, identity, stability.” (Huxley,1). Thinking will threaten the

stability of the society since people are more difficult to control when they think for

themselves. This essay will talk about how the government control the society to

make it stable. This essay will also show that because the government use different

kinds of inhuman methods to control the society, people lost their free will and

personality. In the brave new world, Huxley wants to against this thesis, in the world

state, government use different kinds of method to control the society, actually what is

called a brave new world is a terrible and inhuman society and it destroys people’s

free will.

For a start, government use the Genetic Engineering and Bokanovsky Process to

control the society. The Director of Genetic Engineering and Bokanouvsky Process

explains that this Utopia breeds people to order, artificially fertilizing a mother's eggs

to create babies that grow in bottles. They are not born, but decanted. Everyone

belongs to one of five classes through the Caste System, from the Alphas, the most

intelligent, to the Epsilons, morons bred to do the dirty jobs that nobody else wants to do. Different level’s people have different kinds of job. They do whatever the

government tell them to do. The lower the cast, the shorter the oxygen. (Huxley, p.13)

It seems unfair that even before you are born, your future is already written out for

you. People have no way to change their levels no matter how they try their best. The

lower classes are multiplied by a budding process that can create up to 96 identical

clones and produce over 15,000 brothers and sisters from a single ovary. All the

babies are conditioned, physically and chemically in the bottle, and psychologically

after birth, to make them happy citizens of the society with both a liking and an

aptitude for the work they will do. In this kind of society, science exploited to create

stability and happiness, not to advance knowledge or to apprehend truth. Because of

the Genetic Engineering and Bokanovsky Process, state destroys institutions like

family and marriage in the name of stability, people have no parents, brothers, or

sisters. Because they have no family, they have no ideas about what is love. And also

with such a huge amount of identical humans, the identity is abolished. People have

no personality, they have no ideas what they are good at. Everyone is the same, and

no one is unique. Huxley's purpose in Brave New World is to warn us the dangers of


One psychological conditioning technique is Hypnopeadia, or teaching people

while they are sleeping not teaching facts or analysis, but planting suggestions that

will make people behave in certain ways. However for them there is no need for

education because they do not need power. Power will not get them any farther in life

then what is already written out for them. The only kind of books in Brave New

World accessible to the public are reference books. Books with opinions and emotions

are non-existing. This discretion is needed because those types of books could

challenge the hypnopaedia propaganda served to the people. The hypnopaedia was

given for a reason, it is the tool used to stabilize the society. If stability is threatened

so will be the utopian world. Of course some will say that they will miss their families

and relationships and most of all, love. But the people in Utopia once again have

never experienced any of these. They were brought up in conditioning centers and feel

that parents and family are primitive. The mere sound of the word annoys them.

Mother, he repeated loudly rubbing in the science ; and, leaning back in his chair,

these, he said gravely are unpleasant facts; I know it. But then most historical facts are

unpleasant (Huxley,23). It is a series of repeated sayings used to teach children

everything from their place in society to clever little sayings and proverbs. Basically,

it is a form of thought control, or the imposing of a mind-script. While the children at

the Central London Hatcheries and Conditioning Centre are napping, these 'lessons'

are played time and time again, thousands of times between the ages of three and

sixteen. For example, when children want to know something about family, professor

take them to a place with adults which is dirty,small and dark. And tell them this is so

called family. Since that, once children think about family, the have a picture of a

disgusting and horrible place. So they will not think about it anymore. One must

remember that being born and raised in Utopia, one does not know what freedom is

and therefore does not know what is missing. Freedom leads to happiness, and if one

already possesses happiness, then there is no need for freedom, especially if your

government is making sure that all your needs are satisfied. Citizens do not care about

personal freedoms or free will and live in total conformity to the all-powerful stat’s

values. This is a total loss of dignity, morals, and individual emotions.

In order to make people happy, they are asked to use soma. Soma, not nuclear

bombs, is the weapon of choice for the World Controllers in Brave New World. These

men have realized that fear and intimidation have only limited power; after all, these

tactics simply build up resentment in the minds of the oppressed. Subconscious

persuasion and mind-altering drugs, on the other hand, appear to have no side effects.

Add to this the method of genetic engineering, and soon almost all "pre-Ford"

problems have been wiped out permanently. Instead, soma provides a mindless,

inauthentic "imbecile happiness" - a vacuous which makes people comfortable with

their lack of freedom. The drug heightens suggestibility, leaving its users vulnerable

to government propaganda. Soma is a narcotic that raises "a quite impenetrable wall

between the actual universe and their minds." Happiness defined in terms of an ability

to satisfy economic needs. The government pursuit of happiness undermines

scientific, empirical truth, and knowledge. Because people are happy, they don’t

question the government and do whatever the government tell them to do. In order to

achieve the stable od the society. It seems very good because people are happy

anytime, but they lose their free will. The key to happiness is enjoying who you are

and what you do. Unfortunately, people who live in the World State have no ideas

about who they are and what do they. The happiness of theirs is not true. They can not

have any other emotion except happy. In my mind, if people don’t have sad, jealous,

angry, or unhappy, they are not human being.

Brave New World pictures a dark view of a different world in the future. Citizens of

the World State live in an inhuman world under a totalitarianism government. Their

thoughts have been controlled by different kinds of advanced technology since they

are cultured in the battles. This new world cannot contain any personal consciousness

like Lenina says: “when the individual feels, the community reals” (Huxely, 81). The

Controller prevents people from creation of personality by satisfying people’s feeling

desire and make them happy. Although the society is developing stability, but the

people are no more human being any more. they lose the basic feeling and free will

for a man.

Work Citation Huxley, Aldous. Brave New World. Toronto: Vintage Canada, 2007. Print.

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