BRANCHES OF ANTHROPOLOGY
Anthropology is the scientific study of the origin, physical, social, cultural, behavior development of humans. It is the study of humankind, past and present, in all its aspects especially human culture or human development. Anthropology seeks to uncover principles of behavior that apply to all human communities. To an anthropologist, diversity itself is seen in body shapes and sizes, customs, clothing, speech, religion, and worldview provides a frame of reference for understanding any single aspect of life in any given community. As a field, anthropology brings an explicit, evolutionary approach to the study of human behavior. Each of anthropology’s four main subfields—sociocultural, biological, archaeology, and linguistic anthropology acknowledges that Homo has a long evolutionary history that must be studied if one is to know what it means to be a human being. 1. SOCIOCULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY:
Sociocultural anthropology is relatively a young branch of anthropology and draws together the principle axes of cultural and social anthropology. Since the work of Franz Boas and Bronisław Malinowski in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, social anthropology and cultural anthropology has been distinguished from ethnologyRELATION BETWEEN ETHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY: According to Evens Pritchard ethnology classifies peoples on the basis of their distribution irrespective of any time scale and explains their distribution at present and past by the movement distribution and diffusion of cultures. While sociocultural anthropology involves in the comparative study of preliterate societies and cultures at that time, with the intention of studying origin and evolution Even in the presence of striking similarity between then there are some differences between the two disciplines: (1) Narrative: Ethnology is narrative. It describes the cultural traits of a particular group with great elaboration. For instance, the cultural specificity...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document