Victorian Society is an era of appearances, putting on the airs of past aristocracy through etiquette and charm, and idealistic views. Some believe it to be an era of rising Christian devotion despite many scientific discoveries that disproved the writings of the Holy Bible. In Bram Stoker’s Dracula, Dracula parallels the Devil in Christian belief and salvation is achieved through Christian icons and traditions, Dracula’s death, and the delivering Mina from evil. In the beginning of the novel Jonathan travels to Transylvania on business. It soon becomes evident that there was reason to be cautious as the people Jonathan encounters all warn him of what is to come. When a letter arrives from the Count asking for Jonathan, the inn keeper’s wife mentions “it is the eve of St George’s Day... tonight, when the clock strikes midnight, all the evil things in the world will have a sway” (Stoker, Ch.1, May 4) and begs him to leave. When Jonathan refused to stay, she “rose and dried her eyes, and taking a crucifix from her neck offered it to [him]” to protect him. (Stoker, Ch.1, May 4). In Christian belief, the crucifix is a symbol of Christ and is assumed to protect followers from the Devil and his evil. As Jonathan begins traveling to the Count’s castle, many of the villagers cross themselves which gives the impression that the people were all religious or aware of the evil residing in Dracula. The crucifix proves an effective defense against Dracula however, when while in Dracula’s castle Jonathan is shaving in the mirror and cuts himself. When Dracula sees the blood “his eyes blazed with a sort of demoniac fury, and he suddenly made a grab at [Jonathan’s] throat.”(Stoker, Ch. 2, May 8). When Dracula touched the beads on the crucifix, “it made an instant change in him, for the fury passed so quickly that [Jonathan] could hardly believe that it was ever there.” (Stoker, Ch. 2, May 8). Later on in the novel, the use of communion wafers is introduced by Van Helsing who...
Cited: Stoker, Bram. Dracula. 1897. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
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