Brain drain, or human capital flight, is a buzzword that describes the departure or emigration of individuals with technical skills or knowledge from organizations, industries, or geographical regions. Brain drain is common among developing nations, such as the former colonies of Africa, the island nations of the Caribbean, and particularly in centralized economies such as former East Germany and the Soviet Union. Recently, it's been documented that China has been leading the world in Brain Drain.The term brain drain was coined by the Royal Society to describe the emigration of "scientists and technologists" to North America from post-war Europe. Another source indicates that this term was first used in the United Kingdom to describe the influx of Indian scientists and engineers. The converse phenomenon is "brain gain", which occurs when there is a large-scale immigration of technically qualified persons. There are also relevant phrases called "brain circulation" and "brain waste".
Although the term originally referred to technology workers leaving a nation, the meaning has broadened into: "the departure of educated or professional people from one country, economic sector, or field for another, usually for better pay or living conditions". Brain drain is usually regarded as an economic cost, since emigrants usually take with them the fraction of value of their training sponsored by the government or other organizations. It is a parallel to capital flight, which refers to the same movement of financial capital. Brain drain is often associated with deskilling of the arriving immigrants, while their country of emigration experiences the draining of skilled individuals.
Brain drain may also refer to a situation wherein an individual fails to complete any given task as a result of a nervous breakdowHistorical examples Neoplatonic academy philosophers moves
After Justinian closed Academy in AD 529, according to the historian Agathias, its...
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