Brain and Behavior

Topics: Cerebrum, Cerebral cortex, Frontal lobe Pages: 6 (667 words) Published: October 10, 2014


Diamond Withers
BEH 225
Professor Bates
8/26/2014

The brain is partitioned into four main lobes, which include; the frontal, temporal, parietal, the temporal, and occipital lobe. The frontal lobes are concerned with management of movement, from stimulation of a person muscles to conceptual planning on what to carry out. The temporal lobe is the main area for premature auditory processing and a high-level visual processing area.

The frontal lobes are situated on the front and the top area of the brain. There major functions include controlling the muscles and body movement, reasoning, skills of thinking, dilemma resolving and protection consciousness, memory, personality, and behavior. They are very susceptible, because not only they are located on the right and front of the brain, but also because the part of the skull that gives it support has a rugged surface with edges that are sharp. When the brain rebounds back and forth in the cranium, for instance when the head strikes a surface the brain is pulled back and forth rendering a delicate brain tissue, and causing damages. Individuals who have injured their frontal lobes may have trouble during movement. Activating and controlling their arms and legs muscles may be a problem. These individuals may have complexities with discovering the motivation to take part in various activities, be short of insight into their restriction. These individuals with frontal lobe problem may be more demanding in their actions and portray some signs of aggression and frustrations. They lack the ability to control themselves from mentioning and uttering some inappropriate things (Miller and Cummings, 2007).

On the other hand, the temporal lobes are located on the side of the brain relatively above the ears and are concerned with the following functions: language, recall, vision, sexual behavior, audible range and emotions. Both the left and right lobe has different functions that they carry out. In this case, individuals who have damaged their right temporal lobes may experience problems and have difficulties in recognizing faces and often may talk excessively. To the individuals who have damaged their left-side temporal lobes have difficulties in understanding spoken languages, remembering and distinguishing the words. They can hardly solve a mathematic problem. Individuals who have damaged temporal lobes always have short- term memory loss. They also have increased aggression and sexual behavior (Gualtieri, 2002). Around 20-50% of persons with front temporal disorder have an affected first-degree-relative. On the contrary, 50-80% of individuals show to be the primary person with this dysfunctional in the family, also known as sporadic or non-familial front temporal. In these cases, other persons in the family do not appear to be at amplified danger for developing the situation. Family Frontal Temporal disorders are deduced when more than one relative affiliate is affected, often in two or more age group. The primary cause of Frontal Temporal disorders within the family is not always recognized. Even though the chances of family members to develop these disorders, the actual danger is hard to assess. Among persons with Frontal Temporal disorders, around 10% have a change in a single gene. Single gene causes for these two disorders are acquired in an autosomal dominant way, meaning the child of affected has a 50% chance of inheriting (Coon, 2006).

In conclusion, brain is a major part of our body. It controls major functions within human body such as movement, hearing, thinking and all other functions. It is crucial to protect our brain from all factors and functions that may cause damage to it. In case of an accident, it is essential to seek medical assistance for examination in order to ensure that proper functioning is maintained.

References:
Coon, D., & Coon, D. (2006). Psychology: A modular approach to mind and behavior. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson...

References: Coon, D., & Coon, D. (2006). Psychology: A modular approach to mind and behavior. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
Gualtieri, C. T. (2002). Brain injury and mental retardation: Psychopharmacology and neuropsychiatry. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Miller, B. L., & Cummings, J. L. (2007). The human frontal lobes: Functions and disorders. New York, N.Y: Guilford Press.
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