BP Oil Spill

Topics: Exxon Valdez oil spill, Oil spill, Petroleum Pages: 8 (1696 words) Published: April 6, 2015

BP Oil Spill 2010
Elizabeth Morton
University of Phoenix
Tereza Marks

Gulf Oil Spill Case
BP Oil Spill 2010
BP is a world leading international oil and Gas Company. The BP Company however had an oil spill on April 20, 2010 due to a gas release in the Gulf of Mexico. A massive explosion followed the gas release on the Deep Water Oil rig that was working on the exploration of British Petroleum. The explosive gas leak resulted in eleven peoples dead and several other individuals injured. The fire burned nearly 36 hours before the rig began to sink releasing oil into the Gulf of Mexico. The attempt to stop the flow of oil from the well failed causing further ignition because the blowout preventer also known as BOP equipment failed to control the flow of oil. There was severe environmental impact from the contamination of oil, which affected the nearby marine environment, and the lively hood of the community of neighboring species, and residents. The direction of the federal government action towards clean up and studies have aided in the research and responsible clean up activities to understand the risk in the Gulf of Mexico to prevent future contamination. ("Deepwater Horizon Accident And Response", 2014).  Prevention

The Oil Pollution Act signed on August 1990 was signed in response to a growing concern following an oil spill called Exxon Valdez incident. The law was approved to prevent oil spills and to take immediate action. ("Oil Pollution Act Overview", 2014). The OPA opened doors for the national Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund. It is protected under the OPA law but it enforces the owner of the oil operating facility from which the oil spill occurred to be responsible for any costs pertaining to the clean up of the spill. The Oil Spill Liability Trust fund is an emergency management plan that gives power to the Environmental Protection Agency to enforce responsible owner of the oil operation facility pays to clean the mess released. If the owner refused to pay or is unknown then the Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund is used to cover removal cost by providing up to one billion for any one oil spill incident. It also includes up to $500 million for the assessment done on natural resource damages and claims in connections with the oil spill. ("Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund", 2014) Contamination of Environment

The leak of oil affected wildlife. Various agencies stepped in to help in the oil spill disaster as well as nonprofit organizations including National Wildlife Federation. The National Wildlife Federation has tracked the impact of the spill by examining more than 900 bottlenose dolphins that were found dead in the oil spill area. It was also established after scientific finding that five species of sea turtles are listed as either threatened or endangered by the Endangered Species Act. At the time of the spill roughly 500 sea turtles were discovered dead at the time resulting from the incident. Species that have migrated past the oil spills such as Sperm Whales have shows signs of high levels of DNA damage through the identification of metal found in their body that were identical to the ones found at the time of the spill. (Dell'Amore, 2014) Roughly 8,000 species of animals including birds, plants and mammals were affected by the oil spill. ("11 Facts About The BP Oil Spill", 2014) The ecological risk at the time of the spill caused a great impact to local wildlife resulting in the continuing studies and research to present day to understand the full impact. The National Wildlife Federation and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration are still continuing monitoring of wildlife due to the affects of the 2010 BP oil spill. (Dell'Amore, 2014)

A risk assessment is important to understand the probability of oil spill occurring from a particular source and the consequences of the spill. Historical spill rates are important for the oil industry as well...
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