On April 22 2010, the World faced one of its worst oil spill disasters in the history of marine petroleum exploration. A deadly oil well blowout at Macondo Prospect, about 41 miles off the southeast coast of Louisiana, spewed huge quantities of oil for 87 long days causing major environmental and economic troubles to the Gulf region ("Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill"). It started with a fire and explosion, killing 11 workers, and then unleashed a slow motion disaster that spread across the 600 mile gulf coastline. The massive oil spill disrupted lives and livelihoods, and swallowed up the habitat of many species, leaving their fate to the toxic mix (“Political and environmental Dilemma”). The chain of events started with an accident on board “Deep Water Horizon," a semi submersible oil rig which was leased by British Petroleum, the prime owner of oil exploration at the site. Deep Water Horizon had two successful missions prior to its Macondo Prospect's assignment. It had a good track record of drilling one of the deepest wells at Tiber field in the Gulf of Mexico (“BP Makes Giant Oil Find”). In fact, on the day of the accident several BP managers were on the Deepwater Horizon for a ceremony to congratulate the crew for seven years without an injury (“A Survivor Recalls the Disaster – 60 Minutes”). The drilling was in its final stages and the Deep Water Horizon rig was about to conclude its operations and move to the next project. At 9:45 P.M. on 20 April 2010, a geyser of seawater erupted from the marine riser onto the rig, shooting 240 ft into the air. This was soon followed by the eruption of a combination of mud, methane gas, and water. The gas component of the spewed material quickly transitioned into a fully gaseous state, not needed ignited into a series of explosions, and then converted into a firestorm. Attempts were made to activate the Blowout Preventer (BOP), a 40 foot metallic device designed to stop the sudden kick-out materials coming from oil...
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