Merit Badge Workbook
This workbook can help you but you still need to read the merit badge pamphlet. The work space provided for each requirement should be used by the Scout to make notes for discussing the item with his counselor, not for providing the full and complete answers. Each Scout must do each requirement. No one may add or subtract from the official requirements found in Boy Scout Requirements (Pub. 33216 – SKU 616334). The requirements were last issued or revised in 2013 • This workbook was updated in December 2013.
Counselor’s Name: ______________________________________
Counselor’s Phone No.: ___________________________
Please submit errors, omissions, comments or suggestions about this workbook to: Workbooks@USScouts.Org Comments or suggestions for changes to the requirements for the merit badge should be sent to: Merit.Badge@Scouting.Org ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
1. Discuss with your merit badge counselor the history of the game of chess. Chess was developed in China in the 2nd century B.C. but it is not until the 7th century that there is a reference to the game in literature. According to some sources (Forbes, History of Chess, 1860) the game was invented between four or five thousand years ago, by the wife of King Ravana of Ceylon, when the capital was besieged by Rama.The fantastic advance of Chess in the 20th century is best shown by figures. Before 1923 there were rarely more than four international tournaments in a year. Between 1923 and 1939, the average was six. After WW II this quadrupled.
Explain why it is considered a game of planning and strategy. Chess is not a physical contest, and there is no element of luck as in card games. In oriental warfare, a battle could be decided by the death or capture of the King, which in Chess is known as Shah-mat (checkmate). So two armies line up against each other. One can try head-on assault or patient outflanking maneuvers. One can try bluff, or offer poisoned Pawns, or make sacrifices in order to ambush the enemy and capture the commander-in-chief, the King.
2. Discuss with your merit badge counselor the following:
a. The benefits of playing chess, including developing critical thinking skills, concentration skills, and decision-making skills, and how these skills can help you in other areas of your life Playing chess inhances your decision-making, which is chosing the best choice or choices possible, which can benefitly effect your life. You also practice patience and concentration the game which can help you with real world problems such as slow co-workers, job meetings, interviews, and so on.
Workbook © Copyright 2013 - U.S. Scouting Service Project, Inc. - All Rights Reserved Requirements © Copyright, Boy Scouts of America (Used with permission.)
Scout's Name: ________________________
b. Sportsmanship and chess etiquette
3. Demonstrate to your counselor that you know each of the following. a. The name of each chess piece
Then, using Scouting’'s Teaching EDGE*, teach someone (preferably another Scout) who does not know how to play chess:
* You may learn about Scouting’s Teaching EDGE from your unit leader, another Scout, or by attending training. b. How to set up a chessboard
c. How each chess piece moves, including castling and en passant captures. Queen
7 spaces in any direction
One cell in any direction
Cannot move into check
7 spaces in any diagnol direction
7 spaces up, down, right, or left
Chess - Merit Badge Workbook
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