Botswana Country Report

Topics: Energy development, Renewable energy, Botswana Pages: 38 (6482 words) Published: August 20, 2013
BOTSWANA
1. 2. 3. 4. GENERAL OPERATING ENVIRONMENT ENERGY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE ORGANIZATIONS, SOURCES, REFERENCES

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-1GENERAL OPERATING ENVIRONMENT
1.1 Basic Facts & Geography 1.2 People & Society 1.3 Culture & Business Culture 1.4 Infrastructure & Logistics 1.5 Government & Legislation 1.6 Economy 1.7 International Trade, Botswana & Finland 1.8 Education 1.9 General Operating Environment - Summary

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1.1 BASIC FACTS & GEOGRAPHY
Location Area Borders Climate Terrain Natural hazards Southern Africa 581 730 km2 (97 % land, 3 % water) West, North: Namibia (1 360 km) North: Zambia (0,2 km) North East: Zimbabwe (813 km) South East, South: South Africa (1 840 km) Semiarid (warm winters, hot summers) Flat Dry & dusty winds, droughts Source: CIA, World Bank, OECD 

Botswana is landlocked country located in Southern Africa region and neighbouring Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Zambia (CIA)



Botswana was formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, it adopted its new name upon independence in 1966 (CIA)



Botswana has predominantly sub-tropical climate. The peak of the rains is January which seems to have shifted to February in the recent years. About 99% of the rains occur in localized thunderstorms, which tend to be erratic and unpredictable could be destructive in nature. The average daily maximum temperature in summer is about 32 degrees Celsius in January while the extreme can reach about 42 degrees Celsius. The winter is dry with peak of the winds in August. The average daily maximum temperature in winter is about 21degrees Celsius in July while the extreme can fall to less than negative 5 degrees Celsius. (MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT, BOTSWANA)



Botswana is dominated by the Kalahari Desert, which covers up to 70 % of its land surface. The Okavango Delta, the world's largest inland delta, is in the northwest. The Limpopo River Basin, the major landform of southern Africa, lies partly in Botswana



Botswana is one of the world’s great development success stories. A small, landlocked country of two million people, Botswana was one of the poorest countries in Africa with a per capita GDP of about US$70 when it gained independence from Britain in 1966. In the nearly five decades since, Botswana has transformed itself, moving into the ranks of upper middle-income status to become one of the fastest growing economies in the world (WB)

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1.2 PEOPLE & SOCIETY
Population, total Population, growth Population, density Urban population Rural population Population (0-14 years) Population (15-64 years) Population (65 years and above) Life expectancy at birth Major cities(2009) 2009 2010 1,98 mil. 2,01 mil. 1% 1% 2 3/km 4/km2 60 % 61 % 40 % 39 % 40 % 39 % 33 % 33 % 63 % 63 % 53 53 Gaborone - capital (0,2 million) Francistown (0,1 million) 2011 2,03 mil. 1% … 62 % 38 % … 32 % 64 % 53

Source: CIA, World Bank 

The total population and population density of Botswana is relatively small in comparison to other African countries



The population is concentrated in the eastern part of the country. The largest city in Botswana is the capital Gaborone with population of about 200 000 (CIA)



Life expectancy at birth was 55 in 2009. Botswana has been hit very hard by the AIDS pandemic; in 2006 it was estimated that life expectancy at birth had dropped from 65 to 35 years. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Botswana was estimated at 24% for adults. Approximately one in six Batswana has HIV, giving Botswana the second highest infection rate in the world after nearby Swaziland (UN)

1.3 CULTURE & BUSINESS CULTURE
Language Ethnic groups Religion Official: English, Setswana Tswana/Setswana (79 %), Kalanga (11 %) Christian (72 %), Badimo (6 %), None (20 %) Source: CIA, OECD 

Botswana's main ethnic groups are Tswana/Setswana and Kalanga. Other groups of ethnicities in Botswana include...
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