Bosnian War

Powerful Essays
Darrell Hosford

Robert Art

Intro to International Relations

11/15/12

The U.N’s attempt at peace in Bosnia

In this essay the question that I am going to answer is “Was the United Nations effective in its activities in the Bosnian War?” I am going to show that the U.N was not effective in the activities regarding Bosnia Herzegovina by first providing background on the cause of the war. I will then talk about the U.N’s beginning mandate and the formation of UNPROFOR and how they have attempted to aid Bosnia. That will transition into different perspectives on the U.N’s effectiveness in this world. I will end my paper with the resolution for the Bosnian war and finally conclude with a summary of the essay.

Yugoslavia was once a country that bordered Austria, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece and Albania. In the 1990’s there were a lot of disputes with Yugoslavia from the U.S and Germany. The U.S wanted Yugoslavia to break up because they “were interested in the more recently established states” (Mahiras) because they controlled key routes through the Balkan Mountains. Germany was interested because as territory of its “vital interest” Slovenia and Croatia.” In order to obtain this goal the U.S decided to give Yugoslavia and ultimatum that was backed by Germany, and other countries that the U.S “influenced”, the ultimatum was that “If Yugoslavia did not announce multi-party elections, it would face economic isolation.” This was the ultimate cause of Yugoslavia’s dismemberment into six different republics which included Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina. The individual states turned countries sovereignty would be put to the test in the Bosnian war.

In each separate republic of what was formerly known as Yugoslavia they had a majority ethnic group. This, however, was not the case of Bosnia, Bosnia in 1991 “Muslims comprised 44% of the population, Serbs 31%, and Croats 18% with



Bibliography: Department of Public Information, United Nations. "UNPROFOR." Welcome to the United Nations: It 's Your World. http://www.un.org/Depts/DPKO/Missions/unprof_p.htm (accessed November 20, 2012). Daalder, Ivo. " Decision to Intervene: How the War in Bosnia Ended | Brookings Institution." Brookings - Quality. Independence. Impact.. http://www.brookings.edu/research/articles/1998/12/balkans-daalder (accessed November 20, 2012). HEDGES, CHRIS. "Muslims From Afar Joining 'Holy War ' in Bosnia - New York Times." The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/12/05/world/muslims-from-afar-joining-holy-war-in-bosnia.html (accessed November 20, 2012). Mahairas, Evangelos. "The Breakup of Yugoslavia ." IACenter.org. http://www.iacenter.org/folder02/hidden_em.htm (accessed November 20, 2012). Nation, R.Craig. "WAR IN THE BALKANS, 1991-2002." WAR IN THE BALKANS, 1991-2002. www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/00117.pdf (accessed November 20, 2012). THE SECRETARY-GENERAL PURSUANT TO SECURITY COUNCIL RESOLUTION. "Security Council ." Security Council . daccess-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N92/202/18/PDF/N9220218.pdf?OpenElement (accessed November 20, 2012). "The Role of UN During and After the War in Bosnia-Herzegovina." The Role of UN During and After the War in Bosnia-Herzegovina. www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CDMQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ceeisaconf.ut.ee%2Forb.aw%2Fclass%3Dfile%2Faction%3Dpreview%2Fid%3D166445%2Fgoga.doc&ei=zKSrUM6NE_K40AHHvoDQDw&usg=AFQjCNHsaKAUo7bXMPbP_Hie99RnTfYLXw&sig2=tCOCOkY0Y (accessed November 20, 2012). Traynor, Ian. " Goran Hadzic capture a milestone for Yugoslav war crimes tribunal | World news | The Guardian ." Latest US news, world news, sport and comment from the Guardian | guardiannews.com | The Guardian . http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/jul/20/goran-hadzic-capture-war-crimes-milestone (accessed November 20, 2012). United States General Accounting Office . "Effectiveness of U.N, operations in Bosnia." Humanitarian Intervention. www.gao.gov/assets/80/78825.pdf (accessed November 20, 2012).

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