Discuss and Analyze the similarities and differences between the genocide committed in Rwanda and Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
The Rwandan and Bosnian Genocides were more similar than different due to the fact that both were supported by the governing force at the time, and both were ignited due to past tensions between two separate ethnicities.
The Rwandan and Bosnian Genocides were similar in the fact that both were supported by the ruling force at the time. The Rwandan Genocide, was organized by the newly created Hutu government, while the Bosnian Genocide, was executed by the Bosnian Serb Army with support from the Yugoslav Army. In Rwanda, the government was formerly controlled by the minor (10%) Tutsi. The Tutsi were given this elevated position by the colonizing Germans, who viewed them as superior due to them having more "European" characteristics, i.e. lighter skin and taller build. When the Belgians to over Rwanda, the role was solidified with identity cards which labeled each person a Tutsi or a Hutu. When Belgium saw Rwanda as collateral when the people began to revolt, they switched the role of the two classes, leaving the Tutsi at the mercy of the Hutu. The government was now controlled by the Hutu, who started the rebellion when their president was shot out of the sky. The ruling force of the country started a genocide, which would kill at least 500,000 people. Yugoslavia was originally a large state with differing ethnicities of people. Each group wanted a different form of government when the dictator, Marshall Tito died in 1980. The Croats wanted a non-Communist government, while the Serbs wanted a Communist government. When Croatia and Serbia announced their independence, the problems only grew. When the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared independence, the wars began. The Serbian Army at the time was directly under control of the Serbian leader, Milosevic, Slobodan. On, order, the army began to take back Bosnia, committing horrors as...
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