Running head: BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER
Research on Borderline
Borderline personality disorder is categorized as a personality disorder. Individuals with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/ or cause problems in work, school or social relationships. A person with Borderline Personality Disorder will also show signs of impulsive behavior and have the symptoms of frantic effort to avoid real or imaginary abandonment, a pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships, identity disturbance, Impulsiveness, emotional instability, intense anger, chronic feeling of emptiness, stress, paranoid thoughts, and recurrent suicidal thoughts. In understanding Borderline Personality Disorder, we make the attempt to gauge and treat through methods like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy. The condition can be managed and often defeated. Those who suffer with this disorder of emotional regulation can be made whole.
Borderline Personality Disorder is a mental illness that is characterized by instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and behavior (Friedel, 2004). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM-III) listed borderline personality disorder as a diagnosable illness for the first time in 1980. Most psychiatrists and other mental health professionals use the DSM to diagnose mental illnesses (NIMH, 2008). The instability often disrupts family and work life, long-term planning, and the individual's sense of self-identity. Originally thought to be at the "borderline" of psychosis, people with Borderline personality disorder suffer from a disorder of emotion regulation (Friedel, 2004). Borderline personality disorder is categorized as a personality disorder. Individuals with personality disorders have extreme and inflexible personality traits that are distressing to the person and/ or cause problems in wok, school or social relationships (Friedel, 2004). In addition, the person’s pattern of thinking and behavior significantly differ from the expectations of society are so rigid that they interfere with the person’s normal functioning (Friedel, 2004). Borderline Personality Disorder is more common, affecting 2 percent of adults, mostly young women (Friedel, 2004). There is a high rate of self-injury, as well as a significant rate of suicide attempts and completed suicide. In severe cases patients often need extensive mental health services, and they account for 20 percent of psychiatric hospitalizations, and fortunately with the necessary help, many improve over time and are eventually able to lead productive lives (Friedel, 2004). Borderline personality disorder is difficult to treat, However, recent research shows that borderline personality disorder can be treated effectively, through long-term psychotherapy with a therapist that has experience in this field. Some researchers suggest that Borderline Personality Disorder symptoms may occur as early as childhood but begins as early as adolescence or early adulthood (Gunderson, 2007). According to the DSM IV, Individuals with Borderline personality disorder must have at least 5 of the following symptoms (the symptoms must be severe and must go on long enough to cause significant emotional distress or problems functioning in relationships or at work (NIMH, 2008). So much is tied into identifying the symptoms, which se Borderline Personality Disorder apart from persons suffering with depression or bipolar similarities. Similarities they do share are rages of anger, anxiety and depression that may last a few hours or the next day. The downward spiral often continues with self injury, impulsive aggression, and drug and alcohol abuse. Other components that tend to suffer are career plans, long-term...
References: Friedel, R. (2004). Borderline Personality Disorder Demystified: An Essential Guide for Understanding and Living with BPD. NY: Marlow and Company.
Gunderson JG. (2007). A BPD Brief: An Introduction to Borderline Personality
:Disorder Diagnosis, Origins, Course, and Treatment.
Hoffman PD, Fruzzetti AE (2007). Advances in interventions for families with a relative
with a personality disorder diagnosis. Curry Psychiatry Rep.;9(1):68–73.
Linehan, M. M.; Armstrong, H. E.; Suarez, A.; Allmon, D.; Heard, H. L. (1991).
"Cognitive-behavioral treatment of chronically Para suicidal borderline patients". Archives of General Psychiatry 48: 1060–64.
National Institute of Mental Health (2008). National Institute of Mental Health: Borderline Personality Disorder. Retrieved December 1st 2011, from hhttp://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/borderline-personality- disorder.shtml.
Preston, J., O’Neal, J., & Talaga, M. (2008). Handbook of Clinical Psychopharmacology for Therapists. 5th Edition. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.
South Carolina Department of Social Services. (2003). Human Services Policy and Procedure Manual. (03-01). http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/mental-health-types-illness.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document