Book Report Assignment:
The Principles of Scientific Management
Submitted by: Alex Shuler
Submitted to: Professor Rick Rantilla
Date: June 5, 2013
The Principals of Scientific Management
The Principles of Scientific Management is an academic essay written by Frederick Winslow Taylor in 1911. Frederick Winslow Taylor was an American mechanical engineer who sought to improve industrial efficiency and is regarded as the father of scientific management. His approach is also often referred to, as Taylor's Principles, or Taylorism. In the essay’s introduction, Frederick Winslow Taylor comes straight to the point when he explains the reason for writing the book: First, "to point out the great loss which the whole country is suffering through inefficiency in almost all of our daily acts". Second, "to try to convince the reader that the remedy for this inefficiency lies in systematic management, rather than in searching for some unusual or extraordinary man". Third, "to prove that the best management is a true science, resting upon clearly defined laws, rules, and principles, as a foundation". In Chapter One, Taylor explains the principle object of management should be to secure the maximum prosperity for the employer, coupled with the maximum prosperity for each employee. He states that the most important object of both the employee and the management should be the training and development of each individual, so that he can do the highest class of work for which his natural abilities fit him. Taylor goes on to describe how most workers “soldier” or deliberately work slowly to avoid performing a full day’s work to protect their interest. Taylor gives three reasons for the inefficiency which are the fallacy that an increase in output will result in putting men out of work; the defective systems of management; and the inefficient rule-of-thumb methods. For those...
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