Book Review Gulliver's Travels

Topics: Gulliver's Travels, Jonathan Swift, Lilliput and Blefuscu Pages: 6 (1911 words) Published: June 30, 2013
ENGLISH PROJECT WORK
SESSION- 2013-14

A REVIEW OF A NOVEL

BY- JONATHAN SWIFT

PREPARED BY: - GUIDED BY:-
V.SAI SUBHANKAR MRS PADMAKSHI
ROLL NO: – 36 BEHERA
CLASS- VIII-‘B’ TGT ENGLISH

DETAILS OF THE BOOK

TITLE: - Gulliver’s Travels
AUTHOR: - Jonathan Swift
ORIGINAL TITTLE: - Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World, in Four Parts. By Lemuel Gulliver, First a Surgeon, and then a Captain of several Ships LANGUAGE: - English

GENRE: - Fantasy, Satire
PUBLISHER: - Benjamin Motte
YEAR OF PUBLICATION: - 1726

INTRODUCTION OF THE AUTHOR
JONATHAN SWIFT

INTRODUCTION: - Jonathan Swift (30 November 1667 – 19 October 1745) was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for the Whigs, then for the Tories), poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. Jonathan Swift was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1667 and came of age at the height of the Glorious Revolution, in which James II, a Roman Catholic, was forced to abdicate in favour of William of Orange, a Protestant. Although he was a great literary figure even in his time, we know very little about his private life. For example, we are not even sure if he married. He became an influential member of the British government but he never achieved the position in the Church of England that he felt he deserved. He was, he felt, banished to the deanship of St. Patrick’s and when his party fell from power with the accession of George I, his period in the political limelight came to an end. Swift died in a mental institution, finally struck down by an illness which had probably been with him for a long time. But he wasn’t mad when he wrote Gulliver’s Travels, a brilliant satire on politics and society, and a timeless book for children. DATE OF BIRTH: - 30 November 1667

DATE OF DEATH: - 19 October 1745 (aged 77)
SOME CREATIONS: -
1. A Modest Proposal
2. A Journal to Stella
3. Drapier's Letters
4. The Battle of the Books

GIST OF THE NOVEL
INTRODUCTION TO THE NOVEL
Gulliver’s Travel

Gulliver’s Travels is not really a children’s book, but it has been seen as a children’s story right from the start: little people, big people, talking horses. It was first published in 1726. At the time that Swift published Gulliver’s Travels, he was dean of St. Patrick’s Cathedral in Dublin. The book, which made fun of the political scene and certain prominent people in England, was published anonymously and was a great success. In each of the three stories in this book, the hero, Lemuel Gulliver, embarks on a voyage, but, as in the Voyages of Sinbad the Sailor on which the stories may in part have been based, some calamity befalls him. First, Gulliver arrives in Lilliput, where he finds himself a giant, held prisoner by tiny men. They are initially afraid of him, but he gradually wins their trust and eventually helps them in their war against Blefuscu. The second land he visits is called Brobdingnag, a land of giants. Gulliver, now a tiny person, has to work as a freak in a show at first but is then rescued by the Queen and has long talks with the King. Gulliver finally ends up in the land of the Houyhnhnms, peaceful horses who have created a perfect society, except for the presence of monkey-like Yahoos. Although Gulliver looks like a well-kempt Yahoo, he wants to be a Houyhnhnm. Finally, he has to leave because he does not fit into this society.

Summary of Part I: A Journey to Lilliput
Gulliver sets off on the ship Antelope to the South Seas, but strong winds wreck it. Gulliver lands on an island and when he wakes up he finds himself tied to the ground. A large number of little men (no larger than Gulliver’s hands) keep him prisoner and when he tries to break free, they attack him with arrows. Gulliver stays still not to get hurt. Then they bring him food and drink and plan to take him...
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