Bone Fracture Research Paper

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Topics: Bone fracture
BONE FRACTURES
A fracture is a complete or incomplete break in a bone resulting from the application of excessive force. A bone fracture is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone. They are injuries of bone tissue, which compromise their ability to support the body. It can be the result of high force impact or stress, or trivial injury as a result of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis, bone cancer, or osteogenesis imperfecta, where the fracture is then properly termed a pathologic fracture.

BONE FRACTURE PHYSIOLOGY
Bone tissue is structurally very hard, but when it is subjected to forces higher than its capacity it responds in two ways. When the forces are applied
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Infection
5. Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)

PREVENTION OF FRACTURES

NUTRITION AND SUNLIGHT
The human body needs adequate supplies of calcium for healthy bones. Milk, cheese, yoghurt and dark green leafy vegetables are good sources of calcium. Our body needs vitamin D to absorb calcium - exposure to sunlight, as well as eating eggs and oily fish are good ways of getting vitamin D.

PHYSICAL ACTIVITY The more weight-bearing exercises you do, the stronger and denser your bones will be. Examples include skipping, walking, running, and dancing - any exercise where the body pulls on the skeleton. Older age not only results in weaker bones, but often in less physical activity, which further increases the risk of even weaker bones. It is important for people of all ages to stay physically active.

THE (FEMALE) MENOPAUSE
Estrogen, which regulates a woman's calcium, starts to drop and continues to do so until after the menopause; levels never come back up to pre-menopausal levels. In other words, calcium regulation is much more difficult after the menopause. Consequently, women need to be especially careful about the density and strength of their bones during and after the menopause. The following steps may help reduce post-menopausal osteoporosis

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